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Book of Second Samuel

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Author: --- Background & Theme --- dated at:
Uncertain, but taken from writings of Samuel, Glad and Nathan. The books of first and second Samuel were written as one book. Second Samuel covers the forty year period of King David's reign. David's reign grew from ruling over one tribe (Judah) to reunite all twelve tribes of Israel and it was a time of peace and prosperity.
twenty-four chapters
930-720 BC.

noted events

Verse by verse, account of the book of 2nd Samuel.

2nd Samuel: chapter 1

1After the death of Saul, David returned from the slaughter of the Amalekites and stayed in Ziklag for two days. 2On the third day, a man came from Saul's camp, having a posture of great mourning and when he saw David, he bowed down to the ground. 3And David asked the man; Where he had come from? And he replied; I have escaped from the battle between the Israelites and the Philistines. 4Then David asked him, How the battle went? And the man replied; The Israelites have fled and many of the people are dead, also Saul and his son Jonathan are dead. 5David asked the young man, how he knew that Saul and Jonathan were dead? 6And the young man said; As I was on Mount Gilboa, Saul was leaning on his spear, with the enemy close behind him. 7When King Saul saw me, he cried out to me. 8Asking me who I was? And I told him; I am an Amalekite, (NOTE: nether a friend or a foe, but a stranger). 9Then Saul said to me; Please stand over me and kill me, for I am distraught and I fear that I will be taken alive. 10So I stood over him and killed him, because I was sure that he could not live in the condition he was in. I then took the crown from his head, the bracelet on his arm and have brought them here to my lord.

NOTE: (This man claimed to kill Saul, but 1st Samuel 31:3-6 tells us that Saul fell on his sword. Perhaps this man wished a reward from David).

11David then tore his own clothes, in grief and likewise all the men with him did also. 12And they mourned, wept and fasted until evening for Saul and Jonathan, for the people of the Lord and for the house of Israel. 13David then asked the young man; What land are you from? And he replied; I am the son of a foreigner, an Amalekite. 14Then David said; Why were you not afraid to stretch forth your hand to destroy the Lord's anointed? 15David then called one of his men and said; Strike this man so that he dies. 16And David said to the fallen man; Your blood shall be upon your own head, for you have testified against yourself, saying, I have slain the Lord's anointed.

17David then sang this lament over Saul and Jonathan, 18And had all the sons of Judah learn it, "The Song of the Bow" as it is recorded in the Book of Jasher, (the name of the book means: upright).

19The beauty of Israel is slain upon your high places! How the mighty have fallen! 20May it not be known in the cities of the Philistines, lest their daughters rejoice and the uncircumcised triumph. 21Let no dew or rain be on that fatal battle field. For that is where the mighty have fallen, for the shield of Saul was not anointed with oil. 22From the wounded and slain of the Philistines, the bow of Jonathan did not retreat, nor was the sword of Saul in vain. 23Saul and Jonathan were beloved in their lives and they remain united in their death, for they were both swift and strong. 24Daughters of Israel, weep for Saul, who clothed you in fine dress. 25Jonathan is slain on your high places, Oh how the mighty have fallen in the battle. 26My brother Jonathan, I am distressed for you. Very pleasant were you to me, your love to me was wonderful, surpassing the love of women! 27The mighty have fallen and the weapons of war have perished!

2nd Samuel: chapter 2
David's reign over Judah

1After this, David inquired of the Lord; Shall I go up into any of the cities of Judah? And the Lord said to him; Go up! And David asked; to what city shall I go to? And the Lord said; Go to Hebron. 2So David went up to Hebron, alone with his two wives, Ahinoam and Abigail. 3David's men also came with him, each man with his household and they lived in the cities of Hebron. 4Then the men of Judah came and anointed David king over the house of Judah. Also telling David, that the men of Jabesh-Gilead had properly buried Saul. 5At hearing this, David sent messengers to the men of Jabesh-gilead. Saying to them; Blessed are you of the Lord, that you have shown this kindness to your lord, to Saul, properly burying him. 6May the Lord show kindness to you and I also, for doing this thing. 7May your hands be brave and strong. Your master Saul is dead and the house of Judah has anointed me king over them.

8But Abner, (the commander of Saul's army), took Ishbosheth, (his name means: man of shame) (Saul's son) and brought him over to Mahanaim, a camp on the other side of the Jordan. 9And Abner made him king over Gilead, the Ashurites, Jezreel, Ephraim and over Benjamin. Ishbosheth became king over ten tribes of Israel. 10Ishbosheth, was forty years old when he began to reign over Israel and he reigned two years. But the house of Judah followed David.

NOTE: (Ishbosheth reigned east of the Jordan river, while David reigned west of the Jordan river)

11David reigned as king over the house of Judah, in Hebron, for seven years and six months.

12Now Abner, with the armies of Ishbosheth went out from Mahanaim to Gibeon. 13And Joab, (David's general), went out and they met by the pool of Gibeon and sat down on either side of the pool, (for a challenge had been made by Abner, gladiator fighting, man against man). 14Abner then said to Joab; Let the young men now fight before us. And Joab agreed. 15So the men took their places, twelve from Benjamin, fighting for Ishbosheth and twelve of the servants of David. 16And each one caught his opponent by the head and thrust his sword in his companion's side, so that they all fell together. Thus the place is called, The Field of Rocks and it is in Gibeon. 17That day there was also a very grievous battle. And Abner and the men of Israel were beaten before the servants of David.

18Now there were three sons of David's half sister Zeruiah there, Abishai, Joab, and Asahel. Now Asahel was the swiftest on his feet, just as a gazelle in the field. 19And Asahel ran directly after Abner, (Ishbosheth's general). 20When Abner looked behind him, he saw Asahel, (running after him, to claim his armor). 21He said to him; Turn either to the right or the left, seize one of my men and take his armor, but, quit following me. But Asahel kept on pursuing Abner. 22Abner then said again to Asahel; Stop following me. Why should I strike you? How could I then show myself to Joab your brother? 23However Asahel refused to turn aside. Therefore, Abner struck him with his spear and he died in that place. And all that came to that place where Asahel was slain, stood still. 24His two brothers, Joab and Abishai also ran after Abner, coming to the hill where Ammah was just as the sun was going down.

25By this time in the chase, the sons of Benjamin had gathered themselves together becoming one troop again. 26Then Abner called to Joab and said; Shall the sword devour forever? Only bitterness shall result from this, How long shall it be before you command your men to quit pursuing their brothers? 27Joab turned and said; As God lives, unless you had spoken, the pursuit would have lasted until the morning. 28Then Joab blew a ram's horn and all the men of Judah quit their pursue after the men of Israel, nor did they fight any more. 29But Abner and his men journeyed all that night and crossed over the Jordan river, traveling until noon of the next day until they came to their camp of Mahanaim. 30Joab also returned from following Abner. And when he had counted all the men, nineteen men plus Asahel were missing from David's men. 31But of Abner's men that the army of David had slain were three hundred sixty of Benjamin. 32Joab and his men, took the body of Asahel and carried it to Bethlehem, where they buried it in the tomb of his father, returning to Hebron at the break of day.

2nd Samuel: chapter 3

1There was a continuous war between the house of Saul and the house of David. But, David became stronger and stronger, while the house of Saul became weaker and weaker. 2Now sons were born to David in Hebron, his firstborn was Amnon (his name means: faithful), the son of Ahinoam, his wife. 3David's second son was Chileab, (the name means: restraint of father, he was also called Daniel, this name means God is my judge) of Abigail his wife. His third son was Absalom, (the name means: father of peace), the son of Maacah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur. 4His fourth son was Adonijah, (his name means: Jehovah my Lord), the son of Haggith. His fifth son was Shephatiah, (his name means: Jehovah has judged), the son of Abital. 5His sixth son was Ithream, (his name means: remnant of the people), by Eglah, David's wife. These were the sons born to David while in Hebron. 6However while there was war between the house of Saul and the house of David, Abner was making himself stronger for the house of Saul.

7While Saul was alive, he had a concubine whose name was Rizpah. Now Ishbosheth questioned Abner as to why he had gone into my father's concubine? 8This angered Abner very much and he said; Am I merely a dog, who faithfully shows kindness to the house of Saul your father, to his brothers and friends, keeping you from Judah and the hands of David? You must see me as low as a dog, that you charge me this day with a fault concerning this woman. 9Thus may God do unto me, if I do not help fulfill what the Lord has sworn to David. 10That the kingdom of the house of Saul will be transferred and the throne of David will be established, over Israel and over Judah, from Dan even to Beer-sheba. 11And Ishbosheth did not answer Abner a word, because he feared him.

12Abner then sent messengers to David, saying; Concerning the land, make a covenant with me and I shall help you bring about all Israel into your kingdom. 13David was pleased at this and replied; I will make a covenant with you, if you bring Michal, (Saul's daughter) when you come, otherwise you shall not see my face. 14David then sent messengers to Ishbosheth, Saul's son, saying; Deliver my wife Michal to me, whom I married for one hundred foreskins of the Philistines, 1st Samuel 18:20. 15So Ishbosheth took her away from her husband, Phaltiel. 16And her husband followed along weeping behind her, until Abner told him to go, then the man returned to his home.

17Abner then gathered the elders of Israel together and said; In past times, you wished David to be king over you. 18We shall do just that, for the Lord has spoken that by the hand of David, He will save His people Israel from the hands of the Philistines and all their enemies. 19Abner spoke this to the house of Benjamin, (NOTE: Saul was of the house of Benjamin) and then he went to David in Hebron to tell him that this seemed good to all of Israel and the entire house of Benjamin also. 20When Abner came to David at Hebron, he came with twenty men and David held a feast for them. 21Then Abner said to David; I will now gather all Israel to my lord the king, so that the people may make a covenant with you and you can reign over all that your heart desires. David then sent Abner away and he went in peace.

22After Abner had left, Joab, (the general of his army) came in from pursuing a troop and brought with him a great spoil. 23And it was told to Joab and all the army, that Abner had come to the king and David had sent him away in peace. 24Joab then questioned the king about this, saying; What has transpired? Why did Abner come? And why did you send him away in peace? 25You do know the ways of Abner, that he came only to deceive you and to spy out all that you do.

26Joab then left David presence and he secretly sent messengers to Abner, to have him return to Hebron. 27When Abner returned to Hebron, Joab took him aside in the gate to speak with him privately and there he struck him in the belly and he died, for the blood of Asahel his brother. 28Afterward David heard of this and said; My kingdom and I are guiltless before the Lord forever, of the blood of Abner. 29May the blood remain on the head of Joab and on all his father's house. And may the house of Joab never be without one who has a critical issue. 30Joab and Abishai his brother killed Abner, because Abner had slain their brother Asahel at Gibeon in the battle, 2nd Samuel 2:23.

31As David was following the funeral procession, he instructed Joab and those with him to tear their clothes in grief and mourn for Abner. 32And Abner was buried in Hebron. And David and all the people wept at his grave. 33And the king lamented over Abner and said; Should Abner have died the death of a fool? 34His hands were not bound, nor were his feet in fetters, he fell as a man falls before wicked men. And all the people wept again over him. 35The people encouraged David to eat food while it was still light, however, David swore that he would not eat anything until the sun goes down. 36And all the people noticed David's actions and it pleased them. 37For that day all the people of Israel understood, that David had not ordered the death of Abner. 38David the king then said, This day in Israel, a great man and a prince has fallen. 39Though your anointed king, I am weak this day. For these hard men, the sons of Zeruiah, (NOTE: Joab was of the house of Zeruiah), the Lord shall reward their evil.

2nd Samuel: chapter 4
Ishbosheth, king over Israel is slain

1When Saul's son, Ishbosheth heard that Abner had been killed in Hebron. His courage failed and all the Israelites were troubled. 2Now Ishbosheth had two captains of raiding bands, Baanah and Rechab. They were both sons of Rimmon, of the line of Benjamin. 3And the men of that city fled to Gittaim and have been strangers there up to this day.

4Now Jonathan, Saul's son, had a son, named Mephibosheth, who was lame in his feet. For when he was five years old, the news of Saul's and Jonathan's death was heard and his nurse gathered up the boy and fled. But, in her haste she dropped the boy and he became lame. 5Now these two men Rechab and Baanah, (who were of Ishbosheth raiding parties). Came at noon to the house of Ishbosheth and he was lying on his bed. 6-7They came to the house bringing a gift of wheat. And they struck him, killing him and beheaded him, taking his head and escaping through the fields, during the night. 8Bringing the head of Ishbosheth to David at Hebron, saying to the king; Here is the head of Ishbosheth the son of Saul, your enemy who sought your life. The Lord has avenged my lord the king this day of Saul and his descendants.

9David then said to the two; As the Lord lives, who has delivered me from all adversity, 10When one had told me that he had killed Saul, thinking to have brought me good news. I took hold of him and killed him in Ziklag. Yes, that was his reward, 2nd Samuel 1:15-16. 11And when wicked men kill a righteous person in his own house upon his bed, shall I not require your blood and remove you from the earth? 12David then commanded his young men to kill them both and cut off their hands and feet, hanging them over the pool in Hebron. And they took the head of Ishbosheth and buried it in the tomb of Abner in Hebron.

2nd Samuel: chapter 5
David is anointed king over Judah and Israel, the kingdom is once again united.

1Then all the tribes of Israel gathered to David, at Hebron and said; We are your bone and your flesh. 2Also in times past when Saul was king over us, you were also there to led Israel in battle. For the Lord had told you to feed His people Israel and be the leader over Israel. 3all the elders then came to king David at Hebron and he made a covenant with them before the Lord, anointing David king over Israel. 4David was thirty years old when he began to reign and he reigned for forty years. 5He reigned over Judah alone, for seven years and six months from Hebron and over all of Israel for thirty-three years from Jerusalem.

6King David and his men then went to Jerusalem to the Jebusites, the people who occupied the land. One of the men of the city said to David; You shall not come into our city, lest you defeat our guardians, the blind and the lame. 7Nevertheless, David took the city Jerusalem, also calling it the stronghold of Zion, the city of David. 8That day David said; To strike the Jebusites', one needs to gain access via their water system, taking out the lame and the blind that act as guards, for they hate my very life. On account of this they say, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house. 9So David lived in the stronghold and called it the city of David and he even further strengthened the structure of the city. 10David went on and became great, for the Lord God of Hosts was with him.

11Now Hiram the king of Tyre sent messengers, cedar trees, carpenters and masons to David and they built David a house. 12Then David knew that the Lord had established him king over Israel, making his kingdom sure for all His people of Israel. 13After David came from Hebron, he selected more concubines and wives from Jerusalem and more sons and daughters born to him. 14These are the names of his sons that were born to him in Jerusalem: Shammua (his name means: heard by God), Shobab (his name means: backsliding), Nathan (his name means: gifted), Solomon (his name means: peaceful), 15Ibhar (his name means: God chooses), Elishua (his name means: God is salvation), Nepheg (his name means: boaster), Japhia (his name means: may God enlighten), 16Elishama (his name means: God is hearer), Eliada (his name means: God knows) and Eliphalet (his name means: my God is deliverance).

17But the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over Israel. So they all came up to fight against David. And when David heard of their coming, he went down into the stronghold. 18The Philistines gathered themselves in the Valley of the Giants. 19So David inquired of the Lord, if he should go to battle with the Philistines, if He would deliver them into his hand? And the Lord said to David; Go up! For I will deliver the Philistines into your hand.

20So David struck the Philistines at Baal-perazim, saying; the Lord has broken forth on my enemies, like the breaking forth of waters. Therefore, he called the name of that place, The Breaking of Baal. 21For the Philistines left the images of the false gods there and David and his men destroyed them.

22But the Philistines came up yet again and gathered themselves in the Valley of the Giants. 23And David again inquired of the Lord. And the Lord said; Do not go directly up, but go around and come upon them from behind across from the weeping trees. 24And when you hear the sound of marching, then you shall strike. Then shall I go out before you to strike the army of the Philistines. 25So David did as the Lord had commanded, striking the Philistines from behind and pursuing them back to their own border.

2nd Samuel: chapter 6
Moving of the Ark to Jerusalem

1Again David gathered the chosen of Israel, thirty thousand men for his army. 2Then He went with all the people and the elders of Judah to bring up the Ark of God from the house of Abinadab, (NOTE: where it had been for twenty years, 1st Samuel 7:1). 3The Israelites placed the Ark of God upon a new cart, bringing it out of the house of Abinadab. And Abinadab's two sons, (Uzzah and Ahio), drove the new cart. (NOTE: The Philistines used a new cart to send the Ark back, 1st Samuel 6:1, but the Levites should have moved the Ark by use of the two poles on its sides). 4As they brought the Ark of God out of the house of Abinadab, 5David and the entire house of Israel were dancing and singing before the Lord, using all kinds of musical instruments, with all their might.

6But when they came to Nachon's threshing-floor, the oxen went over some uneven ground and Uzzah reached out his hand to stabilize the Ark. 7Then the anger of the Lord was kindled against Uzzah and God struck him right there because of the error and he died by the Ark of God. 8This grieved and offended David. And he named that place, The Break of Uzzah. 9That day David feared the Lord and he questioned, how this Ark could possibly come to him, in the city of Jerusalem. 10And he was unwilling to bring the Ark of the LORD into the city of David. So David carried the Ark into the house of Obed-edom the Gittite, a Levite. 11Leaving the Ark of the LORD in the house of Obed-edom and for the three months the Ark was in his house, the Lord blessed Obed-edom and his entire household.

12The people then told King David, that the Lord was blessing the house of Obed-edom and all that belongs to him, because of the Ark of God. So with great gladness, David went and brought up the Ark of God from the house of Obed-edom into the city of David. 13Those that carried the Ark of the LORD, when they had gone six steps, they sacrificed oxen and fatlings. 14And David danced before the Lord with all his might, girded with a linen ephod. 15The whole house of Israel brought up the Ark of the LORD, with shouting and with the sound of the ram's horn. 16But when the Ark of the LORD came into the city of David, Michal, (Saul's daughter), David's wife, looked through a window and saw King David leaping and dancing before the Lord. And she despised him in her heart. 17The Ark of the LORD was brought into the city and placed inside the tent that David had set up for it. David then offered burnt and peace offerings before the Lord. 18As soon as David had made an end of to the offerings, he blessed the people in the name of the Lord of Hosts. 19Giving to all the people of Israel, both women and men, a cake of bread and a raisin-cake. All the people then departed, each one to his house.

20David then returned to bless his household. And Michal the daughter of Saul came out to meet David and said; How glorious was the king of Israel today, who uncovered himself in the eyes of the handmaids of his servants, as one of the vain fellows shamelessly uncovers himself! 21David replied to her; It was before the Lord, who chose me above your father and above all his house. Appointing me ruler over the people of the Lord, over Israel. Therefore, I danced before the Lord. 22And I will become even lower in my own sight than this, but of the handmaids that you speak of, with them I shall be held in honor. 23After that, Michal the daughter of Saul had no children by David, from that day on.

2nd Samuel: chapter 7
David's desire to build a house for the Ark of God.

1Now, when the Lord had given Israel rest from all their enemies, as David was dwelling in his house. 2The king said to Nathan the prophet; I live in a house built of cedar, but the Ark of God dwells in a tent made with curtains. 3And Nathan said to the king; Go and do all that is in your heart, for the Lord is with you.

4However that night the Word of the Lord came to Nathan, saying; 5Tell My servant David, these words of the Lord concerning building Me a house for My dwelling. 6I have not dwelt in a house since the day that I brought up the sons of Israel out of Egypt, but have walked about in a tent. 7Throughout all the places that I have walked with the sons of Israel, did I once question them as to why they did not build Me a house of cedars? 8This is what you shall say to My servant David; I took you from the pasture land following the sheep, to be a ruler over My people Israel. 9I was with you wherever you went and have cut off all your enemies from your sight, making your name great. 10And I have appointed a place for My people of Israel to dwell in a place of their own and no more shall they be afflicted by the sons of wickedness. 11From the time when I appointed judges to be over My people of Israel, I will cause you to rest from all your enemies. Also, the Lord has told you that He will make you a house. 12And when your days are fulfilled, I shall set up your descendants after you, also making his kingdom sure. 13And shall build a house for My name and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever, (NOTE: speaking of David's son Solomon). 14I will be his Father and he shall be My son. If he commits iniquity, I will discipline him with the rod of men and by the stripes of the sons of men. 15But My mercy shall not leave him, as I took it from Saul. 16And your house and your kingdom shall stand steadfast forever before you. Your throne shall be established forever. 17These words and this vision, Nathan spoke to David.

18Then King David went in and sat before the Lord, saying; Who am I, O Lord God? And what is my house, that You have brought me thus far? 19Even so my kingdom is a small thing in Your sight, Lord. For You have spoken of Your servant's house for a great while to come. 20What can I, (David) say more to You? For You know Your servants thoughts. 21Because of Your Word's sake and according to Your own heart, You have done all these great things to make Your servant know and understand. 22Therefore Lord God, You are great! There is none like You, nor is there any beside You. 23What nation in the earth is like Your people Israel? That God has redeemed for Himself, so to make for Himself a great name, by doing mighty signs and wonders in the land and before Your people, whom You redeemed from the bondage of Egypt? 24For You have given us Your covenant that Your people of Israel will be people to You forever and You shall be their God. 25Now, Lord God, may the Word that You have spoken concerning Your servant and his house be established forever. 26May Your name be magnified forever over all Israel. And may the house of Your servant David be established before You. 27O Lord God of Israel, You have revealed to Your servant, that You will build his house. Therefore, Your servant has found courage in his heart to pray this prayer to You. 28For I know that You are God, Your words are true and You have promised this goodness to Your servant. 29Therefore, may it please You to bless the house of Your servant, whom may be forever before You. For You have spoken. And by Your blessing the house of Your servant will be forever blessed.

2nd Samuel: chapter 8

1Now afterward, David had defeated the Philistines and humbled them by conquering their principal city of Gath. 2David then struck the land of Moab, he had two-thirds of the Moabites killed and took the other third captive, as his servants. 3David also struck Hadadezer, the king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates. 4David captured multitudes of horsemen and footmen of his. And hamstrung all the chariot horses, keeping only enough for one hundred of his chariots. 5When the Syrians came to rescue Hadadezer king of Zobah, David killed twenty-two thousand men of the Syrians. 6Then David put garrisons in Syria, taking the Syrians as his servants. And the Lord preserved David, wherever he went. 7David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer and brought them to Jerusalem. 8And from many cities of Hadadezer, King David took very much bronze.

9Now Toi, king of Hamath heard that David had struck all the army of Hadadezer. 10And Toi sent Joram, his son to King David, to greet him and bless him with gifts of gold and bronze. Because he had defeated Hadadezer, for Hadadezer had also fought against Toi. 11David also dedicated these gifts to the Lord, along with the silver and gold that he had subdued from all the other nations he defeated. 12The spoil had come from: Syria, Moab, Ammon, Amalek, from the Philistines and from the goods of Hadadezer, the king of Zobah. 13When David returned from doing battle with the Syrians, he had made a name for himself, for he killed eighteen thousand men in the Valley of Salt. 14David also put garrisons throughout all Edom and all the men of Edom became David's servants. For the Lord preserved David, wherever he went.

15David reigned over all Israel. Executing judgment and justice to all his people and his administration was made up of:

  • 16Joab the son of Zeruiah, over the army of Israel.
  • Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, recorder.
  • 17Zadok the son of Ahitub and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, the priests.
  • Seraiah was the scribe.
  • 18Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites.
  • And David's sons were chief ministers.
2nd Samuel: chapter 9

1David then asked; If there was any man left from the house of Saul, that he could show kindness to, for Jonathan's sake? 2Now there was a servant named Ziba, whom was of the house of Saul. 3And David asked him; If there was any man of the house of Saul, that he could show the kindness of God to? And Ziba answered; Jonathan still has a son, who is lame in his feet. 4David then asked where he was? And Ziba answered; he is in the house of Machir, in the city of Lodebar. 5King David then sent for him and brought him out of the house of Machir. 6Mephibosheth, Jonathan's son, the son of Saul, came to David and fell on his face and bowed to him. And Mephibosheth said to David; I am your servant! 7And David said; Do not fear, for I intend to show you kindness for Jonathan your father's sake and I will restore to you all the land of Saul your father. And you shall eat bread at my table forever. 8Mephibosheth bowed himself and said; What is your servant, that you should look upon me, for I am as a dead dog?

9Then the king called to Ziba, who was Saul's servant and said to him; I have given Mephibosheth, your master's son, all that belonged to Saul and to all his house. 10You shall be his head servant and till the land for him, you and your sons and your servants. Bringing in the fruits so that your master's son may have bread to eat. But, Mephibosheth, your master's son, shall always eat bread at my table. Now Ziba had fifteen sons and twenty servants. 11Ziba then said to the king; I shall do according to all that my lord the king has commanded. But, Mephibosheth ate at the king's table, just like one of the king's sons. 12Now Mephibosheth had a young son, whose name was Micah and all that lived in the house of Ziba were servants to Mephibosheth. 13But Mephibosheth lived in Jerusalem and always sat at the king's table. And he was lame in both his feet.

2nd Samuel: chapter 10
David's servants shamed by the people of Ammon, is also recorded in 1st Chronicles 19 .

1Now after this, the king of Ammon died and his son Hanun reigned in his stead. 2 And David said; I will show kindness to Hanun, for his father showed kindness to me. And David sent his servants to the land of Ammon to comfort him. 3But the leaders of Ammon advised Hanun their lord, That David had sent his servants to spy out the city and overthrow it, rather than to comfort you. 4So Hanun took David's servants and shaved off half their beards and cut off their garments in the middle so their buttocks showed and sent them away. 5The servants then sent word to David and other servants were sent to meet them, for the men were greatly ashamed. And king David told them to stay at Jericho until their beards grew back and then to return to Jerusalem.

6The men of Ammon then realized that they had greatly offended David and they began to put together an army. They hired twenty thousand footmen from the Syrians of Beth-rehob and of Zobah, one thousand men from King Maacah and twelve thousand men from Ishtob. 7When David heard this, he sent Joab and the army of his mighty men. 8And the armies of Ammon came out and put their ranks in order at the entrance of the gate of Jerusalem. However, the Syrians, the men of King Maacah and the men from Ishtob, remained in the field by themselves. 9When Joab saw that they had divided their troops, he chose from the best men and set out battle against the Syrians. 10The rest of the men Joab put under Abishai his brother, that he would fight against the men of Ammon. 11And Joab said to his brother; If the Syrians are too strong for me, then I will ask you for help. And if the men of Ammon are too strong for you, then I will come and help you. 12Be strong and strengthen yourself for the people's sake and the cities of our God and may the Lord do that seems good to him. 13Joab and his armies then drew near to the battle against the Syrians and the Syrians fled before him. 14And when the men of Ammon saw that the Syrians had fled, they also fled before Abishai and both Joab and Abishai returned into Jerusalem.

15As the Syrians realized that they were defeated before Israel, they gathered together to regroup. 16And king Hadarezer of Zobah gathered together the Syrians that were beyond the Euphrates river. So the men gathered under Shobach the commander of Hadarezer's army. 17Now David was told of this, so he gathered his army together and passed over the Jordan river, coming to the place where they were. And the Syrians prepared themselves together for battle against David's army. 18Again the Syrians fled before Israel. And David killed seven hundred Syrian chariot drivers, forty thousand horsemen and struck Shobach the captain of their army and he died on the battle field. 19When all the kings and the men of Hadarezer, realized they were defeated by Israel. They made peace with Israel and served them. And the Syrians refused to help the people of Ammon any more.

2nd Samuel: chapter 11
David's fall into adultery with Bathsheba, David's thoughts are recorded in Psalm 51.

1Now in the spring, when kings usually go forth to battle. David sent Joab and the armies of Israel out to destroy the men of Ammon and his enemies, while David remained in Jerusalem. 2Now one evening, David rose up from his bed and walked on the roof of the palace. From the roof, he saw a woman who was very beautiful, bathing. 3David inquired about this woman. And one of his staff told him, this is Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah the Hittite, (one of David's thirty army commanders). 4So David sent messengers to her and she came to him, then David laid with her. Afterwards she purified herself from her uncleanness and returned to her house. 5Bathsheba became pregnant and sent word to David, telling him this.

6So David sent a message to Joab, instructing him to send Uriah, (her husband) to him. 7Now when Uriah came to him, David asked him how everything was at the battle. 8Then telling Uriah to, go to his house and rest. And as Uriah left the king's palace a servant of the king followed him, with a gift of food, but also to spy on him. 9But Uriah slept at the door of the king's house with all of David's servants and did not go down to his house. 10This was reported back to David. So David called Uriah back and said to him; You have come from a journey, so why did you not go down to your house? 11Uriah replied; The Ark of God abides in a tent and all the men on the battle field camp in the open fields. How can I then go to my house to eat and drink and to lie with my wife? As you live, I will not do such a thing. 12Then David said to Uriah; Stay here one more day and then tomorrow I will let you go. 13That evening David had Uriah eat and drink with him and David got him drunk. But, at night Uriah still went out to lie on his bed with the servants of his lord and did not go down to his house.

14Now in the morning, David wrote a letter to Joab and sent it by the hand of Uriah. 15Instructing Joab in the letter to, place Uriah in the forefront of the hottest battle and then draw back from him so that he may be killed. 16And there happened to be a fierce battle, so Joab placed Uriah at the frontline. 17The men of that city then went out and fought with Joab. And some of David's men fell that day, along with Uriah the Hittite. 18Joab then sent message back to David, telling him of these things. 19And Joab said to the messenger; When you have told this to the king, 20If the king should become upset and ask you; Why men were put in harms way? 21Tell him that Uriah the Hittite is dead also.

22So the messenger told David; 23In the battle, the men prevailed against us, coming out to us in the field and we push them back to their gate. 24But then the shooters shot from off the wall, some of the king's servants fell and your servant Uriah the Hittite is dead also. 25Then David said to the messenger; Tell Joab, not to let this thing disturb him, for the sword devours one as well as another. Tell him to make the battle stronger against the city and overthrow it. And you encourage him.

26When Bathsheba, the wife of Uriah heard that her husband was dead, she entered into mourning. 27And when her mourning was past, David sent and brought her to his house and she became his wife and bore him a son. But, this thing that David had done was evil in the eyes of the Lord.

2nd Samuel: chapter 12

1After this, the Lord sent Nathan, (the prophet) to David. When Nathan had come, he said to David; There were two men in the same city, one rich and one poor. 2The rich man had exceeding many flocks and herds, 3But the poor man had nothing except one little ewe lamb, that he had bought and nourished. The lamb grew up together with him and with his sons. It ate of his own food and drank from his own cup, laying in his bosom and was to him as a daughter. 4Now a traveler came to the rich man, but he did not wish to take of his own flock. So he took of the poor man's lamb and dressed it for the traveler who had come to him.

5At hearing this, David's anger was greatly kindled against the man. And he said to Nathan; As the Lord lives, the man who has done this shall surely die. 6And he shall restore the lamb fourfold, because of this, for he had no pity.

7Nathan then said to David; You are the man! This is what the Lord God of Israel says; I have anointed you king over Israel and have delivered you out of the hand of Saul. 8I gave you your master's house and your master's wives into your bosom, the house of Israel and of Judah. And if that was too little, I would have given to you more. 9Why have you despised the Word of the Lord, doing evil in My sight? You have killed Uriah the Hittite and took his wife to be your wife, for you have killed him with the sword of an Ammonite. 10Therefore, the sword shall never depart from your house, because you have despised Me and have taken Uriah's wife to be your own. 11Thus, from within your own house I will raise up evil against you, I will take your wives before your eyes and give them to your neighbor. And he shall lie with your wives in broad daylight. 12For you did this thing in secretly, but I will do this thing so that all Israel knows of it.

13David then said to Nathan; I have sinned against the Lord. And Nathan said to David, the Lord also has put away your sin; you shall not die. 14But because of your action, you have given great occasion to the enemies of the Lord to blaspheme and the child that is born to you shall die.

15Then Nathan left to go to his house. And the Lord struck the child that Uriah's wife bore to David and the child became very sick. 16David fasted and prayed to God for the child and he laid all night on the ground. 17And the elders of his house encouraged him to rise up from the ground, but he would not, nor would he eat bread with them. 18Now on the seventh day, the child died. And the servants of David were afraid to tell David of this. For their thought was that since David was very grieved while the child was yet alive, he would be even more so grieved by the death of the child. 19But David noticed that his servants were whispering behind his back and he realized that the child was dead. 20David then ceased from his mourning, washed and anointed himself. He changed his clothing and entered into the house of the Lord and worshiped. Afterwards he returned to his house and he ate and drank. 21At seeing this, his servants asked him; Why is it that when the boy was yet living you fasted and wept, but now that the child is dead you cease your mourning and you eat bread? 22And David said; While the child was still yet alive, I fasted and wept, for there was a chance that God would be gracious to me and the child might live? 23But now the child is dead; why should I fast, I cannot bring him back? I shall one day go to him, but he shall not return to this earth.

24Now David comforted his wife Bathsheba, laying with her and she bore a son. They named the child, Solomon (his name means: peaceful) and the Lord loved him. 25And he sent word by the hand of Nathan the prophet, that the child was to be called Jedidiah (meaning: beloved of the Lord), because the Lord loved the child.

26Again Joab fought against Rabbah of the men of Ammon, taking their royal city. 27And Joab sent messengers and told David that he had captured the city. 28Therefore gather the rest of the people together and come quickly to me. Encamp against the city and lay claim to it, lest I take the city and it be called after my name. 29So David gathered the people together, went to Rabbah and fought against the city and took it. 30David then took the king's crown off his head, the weight of it was a talent of gold, having precious stones in it and he set it on his head. David then brought forth an abundance of spoil from the city. 31Also taking all the people there as slaves having them labor as wood workers, blacksmiths and having them make bricks. He did this with all the cities of Ammon. Then David and all the people returned to Jerusalem.

2nd Samuel: chapter 13
The rape of Tamar by David's son Amnon

1Now Absalom, David's third born son (NOTE: by birth mother Maacah), had a beautiful sister whose name was Tamar. And Amnon, David's first born son (NOTE: by birth mother Ahinoam), loved her. 2Amnon became so troubled that he fell sick for his half sister Tamar, for she was a virgin. But Amnon thought it impossible for him to do anything to her. 3Now Amnon had a friend, whose name was Jonadab, (his name means: Jehovah is liberal) the son of David's brother Shimeah. And Jonadab was a very crafty man. 4Jonadab said to Amnon; Why is the king's son so down-trodden from day to day? And Amnon replied; I am love-sick for Tamar, my brother Absalom's sister.

5Then Jonadab advised him to, lay down on your bed and make himself sick. When your father comes to see you, say to him; Please let my sister Tamar come and prepare food for me that I might eat from her hand. 6Amnon did as such and when the king had come to see him, Amnon said; Please let my sister Tamar come and cook for me a couple of cakes in my sight, so that I may eat at her hand. 7And David instructed Tamar to go to her brother Amnon's house and prepare food for him. 8When Tamar went to Amnon's house, he was laying down. And Tamar took flour and kneaded it, making cakes in his sight. 9She then placed them before him, but he refused to eat and Amnon then instructed every man to leave the house. 10Then he said to Tamar; Bring the food into the room so that I may eat out of your hand. So Tamar brought the cakes into the room to Amnon her brother. 11When she brought them to him, he took hold of her and said; Come, lay with me, my sister. 12But she answered him, saying; No, my brother, do not humble me. For no such thing ought to be done in Israel, do not do this folly. 13How could I ever rid myself of my shame? And you would be as one of the fools in Israel. Please speak to the king, for he will not withhold me from you. 14But Amnon would not listen to her voice and he forced her and lay with her. 15Afterwards Amnon hated her with a hatred that was stronger than the love he felt for her before. And he said to her; Now, get out of here and go your way. 16But she said to him; No! The evil of sending me away is even greater than the other that you did to me. But, he would not listen to her words. 17Then he called his servant who waited on him and instructed him to put this woman out and bolt the door after her. 18Tamar wore a robe of many colors, for all the king's virgin daughters were clothed with such robes. And his servant brought her out and bolted the door after her.

19And Tamar put ashes on her head and tore the robe of many colors that was on her and laid her hand on her head and went away, crying. 20When Tamar returned, Absalom her brother asked her, if Amnon your brother has been with you? Saying to her, my sister, hold your peace. He is your brother, do not take this matter to heart. And Tamar remained desolate in the house of her brother Absalom.

21Now when King David heard of all these things, he was very angry. 22And Absalom neither spoke good or bad to his brother Amnon, for Absalom now hated Amnon because of this. 23After two years had passed, Absalom wished to invite all the king's sons, to come down to Baal-hazor, where he was shearing the sheep. 24So Absalom came to the king and said; May the king and his servants come down with your servant, for I have shears in Baal-hazor. 25But the king said to Absalom; No, my son, let us not all go now, lest we be too burdensome to you and David blessed him. 26Then Absalom said; I pray that you would let my brother Amnon go with us. And though the king questioned this. 27Absalom kept pressing him. So David let Amnon and all the king's sons went with him. 28Now Absalom had commanded his servants, to watch for a time when Amnon's heart is merry with wine. And when I give the order you strike Amnon and kill him. Be brave, do not be afraid to do so, for I have commanded you. 29And Absalom's servants killed Amnon as they were commanded. Than all the king's sons got on their own mule and left.

30While the sons were still journeying back, news came to David, reporting that Absalom had killed all the king's sons and not one remains. 31Then the king arose and tore his garments and laid on the ground and all his servants did, likewise. 32But Jonadab, the son of David's brother, said to David; Let not my lord think that all the king's sons are dead, only Amnon is dead. For Absalom confided in me, that out of revenge he has determined to do this from the day that he humbled his sister Tamar. 33Do not grieve that all of your sons are dead, for only Amnon is dead.

34After this Absalom fled. 35And as Jonadab was speaking to the king, the king's sons came over the hill. 36And the king's sons along with the king and all his servants wept with a great weeping. 37Now Absalom had fled and went to Talmai (NOTE: his mother's birth country), land of the king of Geshur. And David mourned for his son every day. 38From Talmai Absalom fled and went to Geshur and was there three years. 39And King David longed to go forth to Absalom, for he had now been comforted about the death of Amnon.

2nd Samuel: chapter 14

1Now Joab, (David's general), knew that the king's heart was toward Absalom. 2So Joab sent messengers to the town of Tekoah, (NOTE: the town is about ten miles south of Jerusalem) and he sought out a wise woman from there. Telling her to put on mourning clothes and pretend to have been mourning for the dead a long time. 3Then go to the king and speak these words to him that I give you.

4The woman did as agreed and spoke to the king, she bowed down and said; Please help me, O king! 5The king asked, what troubled her; And she answered; I am a widow, my husband died. 6I had two sons, they got into a fight and one struck the other and killed him. 7Now, the whole family has risen against me. Saying; Deliver the one to us that struck his brother so that we may kill him and we shall also destroy his descendants. Thus putting an end to your heritage, so there will be no remembrance of your husbands name on the face of the earth. 8Upon hearing this, the king said to the woman; Go to your house and I will give command concerning you. 9The woman then said to the king; My lord, O king, may this guilt be on me and my father's house and may the king and his throne be without guilt. 10Then the king said; Whoever speaks to you concerning this, you are to bring him to me, for he shall not touch you any more. 11The woman then said; Please let the king remember the Lord your God, that you would not allow the avengers of blood to destroy any more, lest they should destroy my son. And David said; As the Lord lives, not one hair on your son head shall fall to the earth. 12The woman then said; Please let your handmaid speak one more word to my lord the king. And David said; Speak on!

13The woman said; Why then have you thought such a thing against the people of God? For by speaking these mercies, the king has shown himself to be at fault, in that the king does not bring Absalom, his banished one home again. 14For we all must die and are as water spilled on the ground, that cannot be gathered up again. And God does not take away life, but has devised plans so that the outcast is not cast away from Him, (NOTE: They can flee to cities of refuge, set up in Numbers 35:6). 15Now your handmaid has spoken of my situation to my lord the king, to see if you would help me, because the people have made me fear. 16For I knew that the king would hear me and deliver his handmaid out of the hand of the man who would destroy me and my son, that we would lose the inheritance of God. 17And the word of my lord the king has comforted me, as an angel of God. Discerning what is good and bad, for the Lord your God is with you.

18The king then said; Please tell me this, do not hide it from me. 19Is Joab behind all of this? And the woman answered; As your soul lives, my lord the king, nothing gets past the king. For your servant Joab commanded me, instructing your handmaid to speak all these words. 20Your servant Joab has done this to change the course of the matter between Absalom and his father. And now I know my lord is wise according to the wisdom of an angel of God, knowing all that is in the land.

21The king then said to Joab; Yes, I do grant this thing, go and bring back the young man Absalom. 22And Joab fell on his face to the ground and thanked the king, saying; Today your servant knows that I have found grace in your sight, my lord, O, king, because the king has done what your servant has asked. 23So Joab went to Geshur and brought Absalom to Jerusalem. 24But the king said; Let him return to his own house, but I shall not see him. So Absalom returned to his own house and did not see the king.

25Now in all Israel there was not a man as handsome as Absalom. From the sole of his foot to the crown of his head there was no blemish in him. 26It was Absalom practice to cut his hair once a year, for it would become heavy on him and he weighed the hair at two hundred shekels, according to the king's weight, (NOTE: this could be as much as five pounds). 27Three sons were born to Absalom and one daughter, whose name was Tamar. She was a woman with a beautiful face. 28Now Absalom lived two whole years in Jerusalem, without seeing the king. 29After that he sent a message to Joab, to send him to the king. But, Joab would not come to him. Even when he tried a second time, Joab still would not come. 30Absalom then said to his servants; Joab's field is near mine and he has barley growing on it. Go and set it on fire! So Absalom's servants did as they were told. 31After that Joab came to Absalom's house, saying to him; Why have your servants set my field on fire? 32But Absalom replied; I sent message to you, saying; Come to me, so that you could send me to the king, to ask him, Why have I come from Geshur? It would be better for me if I were still there. So now let me see the king and if there is iniquity in me, let him kill me. 33Joab then told the king and the king called for Absalom. And when Absalom came to the king, he bowed himself on his face to the ground before the king and the king kissed Absalom.

2nd Samuel: chapter 15
The rebellion of David's son Absalom, David's thoughts are recorded in Psalm 3

1After this, Absalom prepared for himself horses, chariots and fifty men to run before him. 2Absalom would rise up early and stand beside the gate of Jerusalem. Now if any man had a controversy to take before the king for judgment. Absalom would call to him and said; Your servant is of one of the tribes of Israel. 3Your claims are good and right, but there is no appointed man of the king to hear you. 4If only I might be made judge of the land, that every man might come to me and I would give justice! 5And it was that, when any man would come to him and bow down, Absalom would reach out his hand, take hold of the man and kiss him. 6In such manor Absalom did this to all of Israel that came to the king for judgment and he stole the hearts of the men of Israel.

7After approximately four years of Absalom doing this, (approximately the thirteenth year of David's united reign), Absalom said to the king, Please let me go and pay my vow which I have vowed to the Lord in Hebron. 8For while I lived at Geshur in Syria, your servant vowed a vow, saying; If the Lord will bring me back to Jerusalem, then I will serve Him. 9And the king said to him; Go in peace. So Absalom left for Hebron. 10But Absalom sent spies throughout all the tribes of Israel, saying; As soon as you hear the sound of the ram's horn, you shall say; Absalom reigns in Hebron! 11Along with Absalom, two hundred men went who were called out of Jerusalem, for they were invited as guests to his sacrificial feast and knew nothing of his scheme. 12While Absalom offered sacrifices, he sent for Ahithophel (his name means: brother of folly), one of David's counselor, from his city of Giloh. And by doing so, this strengthened the conspiracy, for the people with Absalom were becoming greater in number.

13David was then informed of this from a messenger, saying; The hearts of the men of Israel are after Absalom. 14So he said to all his servants with him at Jerusalem, let us flee! For otherwise we shall not escape from Absalom. Make haste to depart, lest he overtakes us suddenly and brings evil upon us, striking the city with the edge of the sword. 15And the king's servants said; we will do whatever my lord the king shall choose. 16So the king went forth, with his household after him. And the king left ten women concubines, to keep the house. 17And the king went forth, with the people after him, staying at the furthest house. 18David's servants passed on beside him, the Cherethites, the Pelethites and the Gittites, all totaled six hundred men servants who came from Gath. 19However the king said to the commander of the Gittites; Why do you also go with us? Return to your place and stay with Absalom the king. For you are a captured foreigner, in exile. 20You came into my service only yesterday, how then could I cause you to wander with us today? Since I must go wherever I can, you may return to your own land with your brothers. May mercy and truth be with you. 21And the commander replied to the king; As the Lord lives and as my lord the king lives, in whatever place my lord the king shall be, whether in death or life, there shall your servant be also. 22David said to him; Go then and pass over the brook of the Kidron. And all of his men and all of their little ones with him, passed over it. 23As the people passed over the Kidron valley the entire country wept with a loud voice, For the king along with all his people passed over and headed into the wilderness.

24Abiathar and Zadok the priests and all the Levites came with David, carrying the Ark of the covenant of God. Until all the people had finished passing out of the city. 25And the king said to Zadok; Carry the Ark of God back into the city. If I shall find favor in the eyes of the Lord, He will bring me again into Jerusalem. 26But if the Lord does not find delight in me, let Him do to me as He see fit. 27The king also said to Zadok the priest, Are you not a seer? Return to the Jerusalem in peace, with your two sons, (Ahimaaz and Jonathan). 28And I will wait in the wilderness by the banks of the Jordan, until word comes. 29So Zadok and Abiathar carried the Ark of God back into Jerusalem and they also remained there. 30David climbed up the ascent of Mount Olivet, weeping as he went up, with his head covered and he went up barefoot. Also, all the people with him, covered their head and they wept as they went.

31David was then told by messenger that Ahithophel, (one of his counselors) is among the conspirators with Absalom. And David said; O Lord, I pray that You, turn the advice of Ahithophel into foolishness. 32Now when David had come to the top of the Mount, where he worshiped God. Hushai, (one of David's counselors), met him with his coat torn and earth upon his head. 33David said to him; If you come with me, you will become a burden to me. 34But if you return to the Jerusalem and say to Absalom; I will serve you, O king, for I was your father's servant until now, but now I shall become your servant. Once inside, you can then defeat the counsel of Ahithophel for me. 35The two priests, Zadok and Abiathar are also in Jerusalem and whatever you hear from the king's house you can relay to the priests. 36And their two sons, (Ahimaaz and Jonathan), are there with them. And they can relay whatever you hear to me. 37So Hushai, David's adviser and friend, went to Jerusalem. And Absalom also came into Jerusalem.

2nd Samuel: chapter 16

1When David had crossed over the peak of the mount. Ziba the servant of Mephibosheth met David with a couple of saddled donkeys and many provisions. two hundred loaves of bread, one hundred clusters of raisins, one hundred pieces of fruits and a skin of wine. 2And Ziba said; The donkeys are for the king's household to ride on. And the provisions are for the young men to eat. 3The king then asked; Where is Mephibosheth, your master's son? And Ziba replied; He remained at Jerusalem, for he said, Today the house of Israel shall be restored to me, the kingdom that was my fathers. 4David then said; All that did belong to Mephibosheth is yours. And Ziba replied; I humbly beg you that I may find grace in your sight, my king and my lord.

5King David then came to the village of Bahurim. A man of the house of Saul and of the tribe of Benjamin came out, whose name was Shimei. He started cursing 6and throwing stones at David and his servants that were all around him. 7Saying as he cursed; Get out of here, you man of blood, you worthless fellow. 8The Lord has returned on you all the blood of the house of Saul, in whose place you have reigned. And the Lord has delivered the kingdom into the hand of Absalom your son. Hence you have fallen due to your own schemes, because you are a man of blood!

9Abishai, one of David's mighty men said to the king; Why should this dead dog curse my lord the king? Please let me go over and take off his head. 10The king said; Let him curse, because the Lord has said to him, Curse David. If we take our own action, would not the Lord question that? 11David then spoke to all his servants; My very own son now seeks my life! As for this Benjamite, let him alone and let him curse, for the Lord has told him so. 12Perhaps the Lord will look on my affliction and repay me with good for his cursing this day. 13Even as David and his men went along the highway. Shimei followed them, cursing as he went, throwing stones and picking up dust. 14When the king and the people with him arrived at the Jordan that day, they were all weary and refreshed themselves there.

15Now Absalom and the men of Israel came to Jerusalem and Ahithophel (NOTE: David's counselor, that was now loyal to Absalom) went with him. 16Now when Hushai, (NOTE: David's loyal counselor and friend), had come to Absalom in Jerusalem, he said; May the king live! 17Absalom then questioned Hushai, as to why he did not go with David his friend? 18And Hushai replied; I will remain with him whom the Lord and the people of Israel chose. 19Should I not serve in the presence of his son, as I have also served in your father's presence? So shall I also be in your presence.

20So Absalom said to Ahithophel; Then, give your advice, what shall we do? 21And Ahithophel said to Absalom; Go into your father's concubines, that he left in charge of the house. That way all Israel shall hear that you are despised by your father. And all who are with you will be strengthened. 22So a tent for Absalom was setup on the roof and Absalom went into his father's concubines in the sight of all Israel. 23And in those days, the advice of Ahithophel, was as if a man inquired directly of God.

2nd Samuel: chapter 17

1Now Ahithophel said to Absalom; Let me choose twelve thousand men and I will pursue after David tonight. 2I will take him while he is weary and weak-handed and he will tremble. All the people with him shall flee and I will strike down only the king. 3When I return, I will bring all the people to you, except for the slain man, then all the people shall be in peace. 4This pleased Absalom very much and all the elders of Israel.

5Absalom then wished to call Hushai, (NOTE: the counselor loyal to David) to see what he would say. 6When Hushai came to Absalom and was told of Ahithophel plan. 7He said; The advice would be very bad at this time. 8For we know of David and his mighty men. Right now they are bitter and raged and your father being a man of war will not lodge the night with his people. 9He is likely to be hidden in a cave. And at the beginning of the battle, it would be reported that there is a slaughter among the people who follow Absalom. 10Also he is the son of valor and will utterly melt the people's hearts of Israel and they who are with him are mighty men. 11Therefore I advise that the multitudes of every tribe of Israel be gathered to you, and you lead them into battle. 12We shall then come upon him and his men, in number. 13Even if he withdraws himself into a fortified city, we shall besiege that city until it is a pile of rocks. 14Then Absalom and all the men of Israel said; The counsel of Hushai is better than the counsel of Ahithophel. (For the Lord had appointed to defeat the good counsel of Ahithophel, so the Lord might bring evil on Absalom).

15Hushai (NOTE: the counselor loyal to David), secretly made it known to the two priests Zadok and Abiathar (NOTE: who were also loyal to David), of each mans counsel and the action that would be taken. 16And they sent this information quickly on to David, that he should not stay in the plains of the wilderness tonight, but quickly pass over the Jordan, lest the king be destroyed and all the people with him. 17Now Jonathan and Ahimaaz, the two sons of the priests, were staying near the border of Judah, so they could leave without being noticed. And they were informed of the plans by a slave girl and then they went to tell King David. 18However a lad saw them and told this to Absalom. And both men went away quickly and came to a house on the eastern slopes of the Jordan valley. And this house had a well on its property that both of them went down into to hide. 19The woman of the house then covered the mouth of the well and spread ground grain on the cover. 20When Absalom's servants came to the house, they asked the woman where the two men Ahimaaz and Jonathan had gone? And she replied; They have gone over the brook of water. And when they had searched and could not find them, they returned to Jerusalem. 21After they had departed, the two came up out of the well and went and told King David. Saying to him; Quickly, cross over the river Jordan, for Ahithophel counsel is against you.

22So David and all the people with him crossed over the Jordan river and by mornings light all of them had crossed over. 23When Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed, he saddled up a donkey, went to his house and put his household in order. Then he hung himself and was buried in the tomb of his father.

24As David had now crossed over the Jordan river, Absalom along with the men of Israel, also crossed over the Jordan river. 25Absalom's captain of his army was Amasa, (NOTE: perhaps a illegitimate son, within the house of David). 26Absalom and the men of Israel then made their camp in the land of Gilead.

27Now when David had come into the town of Mahanaim in Gilead, Shobi an Ammonite, Machir and Barzillai of Gileadite. 28Came out to David with beds, basins and bowls, wheat, barley, flour and roasted grain, beans, lentils and other roasted food. 29Honey, butter, cheese from sheep and cheese from cows, for David and the people with him to eat. For they knew, the people were hungry, thirsty and weary in the wilderness.

2nd Samuel: chapter 18

1David then numbered the people who were with him, placing captains over thousands and hundreds. 2Dividing the people into three troops, a third of the people under Joab, a third under Abishai, Joab's brother and a third under Ittai the Gittite. And David told them that he would surely lead them into battle himself. 3However the people replied; You shall not lead us into battle. For if we do flee, they will not care about us, even if they slaughter half of us, the enemy still will not rejoice. For right now you are worth ten thousand of us. It is better that you remain and help us from the city.

4Then David the king said; I will do as you wish. And the king stood by the side of the gate, watching all the people as they came out, in their ranks of hundreds and thousands. 5David then commanded the three commanders, Joab, Abishai and Ittai; To be gentle with the young man, Absalom and all the men heard this as well. 6David's army then went to battle against Israel and the battle happened in the forest of Ephraim. 7That day, twenty thousand men of Israel were slaughtered before the servants of David. 8The battle was scattered all over the country side. And the forest devoured more people that day than the sword devoured.

9When Absalom met the servants of David. He was riding on a mule and the mule just then went under the thick branches of a great oak. His head became wedged in the fork of the branches and the mule under him kept on going, so he was left hanging in the air. 10And one of David's men told this to Joab. 11Joab questioned the man, as to why he did not strike him? Saying, I would have given you ten shekels of silver and a girdle of armor, (NOTE: this was a caption's commission). 12But the man said to Joab; Though I should receive a thousand shekels, yet I would not put my hand against the king's son. For we all heard the king say to you, Abishai and Ittai, not to go against the young man Absalom. 13By doing so, I would have been dealing falsely with my own life, for there is no matter hidden from the king and you yourself would have set yourself against me.

14And Joab replied; I cannot wait here with you as you babble! And he took three darts and thrust them through the heart of Absalom, while he was yet hanging in the tree. 15And the ten young men who bore Joab's armor also struck Absalom. 16Then Joab blew the ram's horn and the people returned from pursuing Israel. 17Then they took Absalom body and threw it into a great pit in the forest, covering it with a great pile of stones. And all the men of Israel fled, each one to his own tent. 18Now Absalom while he was yet alive, had raised up for himself a monument, which is in the King's Valley. For he reasoned that since he did not have a son to keep his name in remembrance, so he called the monument after his own name. And it is called to this very day, Absalom's monument.

19Then Ahimaaz the son of the priest, said to Joab; Let me run on and tell the king of the news, how the Lord has avenged him of his enemies. 20But Joab said to him; You shall not bear news today, for you shall wait and deliver good news some other day. Today you shall not give any report, because the king's son is dead. 21Joab then said to Cushi (NOTE: a foreigner loyal to David), Go tell the king what you have seen. And Cushi bowed himself to Joab and left running. 22Then Ahimaaz said yet again to Joab; Regardless please let me also run with the Cushite. But, Joab said; Why do you wish to run, my son, since you have no good news to deliver? 23But he said; Just let me run! So Joab said to him; Go and run. So Ahimaaz ran by the way of the plain and ran past the Cushite. 24Now David sat between the two gates of the city, but the watchman, in the city first spotted a man running alone. 25The watchman notified the king. And the king said, If he is alone, he must be a messenger and he shall have news for us. So the messenger drew near. 26Then the watchman saw another man running. And the king also said; He also must be bringing news. 27As the runners drew closer, the watchman could see that the first runner was Ahimaaz and he told David. And the king said; He is a good man, he must be bringing good news. 28When Ahimaaz arrived at the city, he said to the king, Peace! And fell on his face before the king and said; Blessed be the Lord your God, who has delivered the men from the men who were against my lord the king. 29The king then asked; Is the young man Absalom safe? And Ahimaaz answered; When Joab sent the king's servant. I saw a great uproar, but I did not know what its outcome was. 30The king then said; Step aside and stand here. 31Just then Cushi came to David and he said; Good news, my lord, my king, for this day, the Lord has avenged you of all those who rose up against you. 32The king then asked Cushi; Is the young man Absalom aright? And Cushi answered; May all the enemies that rise up against my lord the king, be as the young man. 33And the king was much grieved and went up to the room over the gate and wept. And as he went, he said this; O my son Absalom, my son Absalom! If only I could have died for you, O Absalom, my son, my son!

2nd Samuel: chapter 19

1That day it was relayed to Joab, that the king weeps and mourns for Absalom. 2And the victory of that day was turned into mourning for all the people. 3The men then crept back into the city that day, as people who are ashamed. 4And the king's face was covered and he cried with a loud voice, O my son Absalom, O Absalom, my son, my son!

5Then Joab came into the house where the king was and said to him; Today you have shamed all your servants! For today, they have saved your life, the lives of your sons and daughters, the lives of your wives and your concubines. 6By loving your enemies and hating those who love you, you have declared today that commanders and servants are nothing to you. For I see that if Absalom had lived today and all of us had died today, that this would have pleased you very much! 7Now get up and go out. Speak to the hearts of your servants. For I swear by the Lord, that if you do not go out, not a man shall stay with you tonight. And that will be worse than all the evil that has come to you from your youth until now. 8Then the king got up and sat in the gate. And all of David's people came before the king, for all the men of Israel had fled to his own tent.

9Now all the people throughout all the tribes of Israel were in strife and talking such with the elders of their tribes. For they remembered how the king had saved them from their enemies, delivering them out of the hands of the Philistines. And now David fled out of the land from Absalom, his own son. 10And Absalom, whom we anointed over us, has died in battle. And now why do you elders not speak a word about bringing the king back?

11Then King David sent message to Zadok and Abiathar the priests, saying; Speak to the elders of Judah; Questioning them as to why the house of Judah is the last to bring the king back to his house in Jerusalem? For word from all the other tribes of Israel has come to the king. 12The people of the house of Judah are my brothers, my flesh and my bone. Why then are you the last to restore the king? 13And say to Amasa (NOTE: David's nephew, who became Absalom's general); You are of my flesh and bone. With God as our witness, we shall make you commander of our army instead of Joab. 14Saying this, David captured the hearts of all the men of Judah and they sent message to the king, saying; Return to Jerusalem, you and all your servants. 15As king David returned and came to the Jordan river. The men of the tribe of Judah then came to Gilgal to meet the king and conduct him over the river.

16Now Shimei of the tribe of Benjamin, (NOTE: whom had before cursed David, verse 16:13), hurried and came down with the men of Judah to meet King David. 17Also one thousand men of Benjamin were with him and Ziba the servant of Mephibosheth of the house of Saul, with his fifteen sons and twenty servants with him. 18They all crossed over the banks of the Jordan to carry over the king's household and to do as the king needed. Now when Shimei had crossed over he fell before the king's feet. 19And said to the king; Let not my lord charge iniquity to me. Do not remember or take to heart the perverse way your servant acted in the day that my lord the king went out of Jerusalem. 20For your servant knows that I have sinned. And I have come today, the first of all the house of Joseph to meet my lord the king. 21But Abishai (NOTE: one of David's loyal generals), said; Should not Shimei be put to death for this, because he cursed the Lord's anointed? 22But David said; Why should you be so combative today? Shall there be any man put to death today in Israel, while I am reigning as king over Israel? 23And the king said to Shimei; You shall not die.

24Then Mephibosheth the son of Jonathan of the house of Saul came down to meet the king. He had neither dressed his feet, nor trimmed his moustache, nor washed his clothes, neglecting his personal appearance due to his grief since the day the king had departed, until today. 25And when he had come to Jerusalem to meet the king, the king asked him; Why did you not go with me, Mephibosheth? 26Mephibosheth answered; My lord, my king, my servant Ziba, deceived me. For I instructed him to saddle up my donkey so that I may ride on it and go to the king, (because I am lame), but he took my donkey and left without me. 27Only to speak slander against your servant to my lord the king. But, my lord the king is as an angel of God, therefore, do whatever is good in your eyes to me. 28For all my father's house are as dead men before my lord the king. And you set your servant among those eating at your own table. What right then have I to cry to the king any more? 29But David the king said to him; Why do you speak any more of such matters? I have said; You and Ziba divide the land. 30And Mephibosheth said to the king; Let Ziba take all the land, because my lord the king has come in peace into his own house.

31Then Barzillai of Gilead came down and went to the king at the banks of the Jordan river, to see the king over. 32Now Barzillai was eighty years old. And he had provided food for the king while he stayed at Mahanaim, verse 17:27, for he was a man of much substance. 33David the king said to Barzillai; Come over with me and I will sustain you with me in Jerusalem. 34But Barzillai replied; I am old and my days are unknown, that I should go up with the king to Jerusalem? 35I am eighty years old today, could I discern as a counselor between good and evil, or appreciate finer foods and drink, or enjoy the voice of singing men and women? Why then should your servant be a burden to my lord the king? 36Your servant will only cross over the Jordan river with you, for there is no need for the king to repay me with such a reward. 37Let your servant return so that I may die in my own city by the grave of my father and mother. Rather let your servant Chimham, cross over with my lord the king and do to him what shall seem good to you. 38The king answered, saying; Chimham shall go over with me and I will do to him that which shall seem good to you. And whatever you shall ask of me, I will also do that for you. 39Then all the people went over the Jordan river. And when the king had crossed over, he kissed Barzillai and blessed him. Then Barzillai returned to his own land.

40David crossed over with all the people of Judah and half the people of Israel, also Chimham with him and they came to the city of Gilgal. 41Then the men of Israel, who had not been there, came to the king and said; Why have our brothers of Judah brought the king and his household and all David's men across the Jordan, without waiting for us? 42All the men of Judah said; Because we are of the same tribe as the king, why then are you upset with us? We have not eaten at all at the king's cost, neither has he given us any gift for doing so. 43And the men of Israel said; We are of ten tribes having ten parts in the king's kingdom, therefore, we have more right in David than you do. Why then did you despise us, so that our advice should not be sought first in bringing back our king? however the words of the men of Judah were more brazen than the words of the men of Israel.

2nd Samuel: chapter 20

1Now there was a worthless man named Sheba, a Benjamite. He came out and blew a ram's horn, announcing that we have nothing to do with David, nor is our inheritance in the son of Jesse. Every man of Israel return to your own tent! 2And every man of Israel withdrew from following David and followed Sheba, but the men of Judah clung closely to their king. 3When David had come into his house at Jerusalem. The king took his ten concubines, (NOTE: that Absalom had laid with), that he had left to keep the house. He put them in ward, providing for them, but he did not go into them again. And they were shut up until the day of their death, living in widowhood.

4 And the king said to Amasa, (NOTE: Amasa was David's nephew, who had become Absalom's general), gather together the men of Judah within three days and you be present here also. 5So Amasa gathered the men of Judah. But, he stayed longer than the set time which David had appointed him. 6Then David said to Abishai (NOTE: one of David's loyal generals), This man Sheba will do us more harm than Absalom. Take some of the men and pursue him, before he escapes into a fortified city. 7So Joab's mighty men along with the Cherethites and the Pelethites, left Jerusalem in pursuit of Sheba.

8When they were all at the great stone in Gibeon, they met Amasa there. Joab was wearing his armor with a sword in its sheath beneath his clothing and as he went forth, it fell out. 9And Joab greeted Amasa, saying; Are you well, my brother? And Joab took Amasa by the beard with the right hand to kiss him. 10Now Amasa did not notice the sword that was in Joab's hand. And Joab struck Amasa with it in the belly and he died. Then Joab and Abishai his brother, left to pursued after Sheba.

11One of Joab's men who stood by him, said; the man that favors David, follow after Joab! 12Now the body of Amasa lay in the center of the highway and he was wallowing in his own blood and the whole army stood still. So Joab moved the body of Amasa out of the highway into the field, throwing a garment over him. 13After Amasa was moved, all the men went on after Joab, in pursuit of Sheba.

14Sheba went through all the tribes of Israel, finding few if any men that would follow him. So he continued to the fortified city of Abel of Beth-maachah and while there the people of that city gathered around him. 15Joab's men came and besieged him in Abel of Beth-maachah. Building a rampart to undermine the wall of the city. 16Then from within the city, a wise woman cried out, saying; Please allow me to speak with Joab. 17When Joab had come near, the woman said; Hear the words of your handmaid. 18And she said; People use to ask for counsel from our city of Abel, ending their matters of strife. 19We are peaceable and have been faithful to Israel, but why do you now seek to destroy a mother city to Israel. Will you also destroy the inheritance of the Lord?

20Joab answered, saying; Far be it from us, that I should destroy. 21That is not so, but there is a man in your city by the name of Sheba, he has lifted up his hand against the David the king. Deliver this man to us and we will depart. And the woman said to Joab, his head shall be thrown to you over the wall. 22The woman then went to all the people, in her wisdom. And they cut off the head of Sheba and threw it over the wall to Joab. Joab then blew the ram's horn and the men departed, each man to his own tent. And Joab returned to Jerusalem to the king.

Listed below is David's administration staff, after Absalom's rebellion.
  • 23Joab was over the entire army of Israel, Benaiah was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites.
  • 24Adoram was over the treasury and Jehoshaphat was the recorder.
  • 25Sheva was scribe and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests.
  • 26And Ira was a chief ruler around David.
Click here to view a comparison of David's administration, before and after the rebellion.
2nd Samuel: chapter 21

1Now there was a famine in the days of David for three consecutive years. David inquired of the Lord of this. And the Lord answered; It is on account of Saul and his bloody house, for he killed the Gibeonites. 2So David the king called the Gibeonites and spoke to them. Now the Gibeonites were not of the sons of Israel, but of the remnant of the Amorites and they had a covenant with the sons of Israel where they would be spared, Joshua 9:3. But, Saul in his zeal sought to kill them. 3And David asked them; What he could do for them, how he could atone for this wrong, so that you may bless the inheritance of the Lord? 4And the Gibeonites said to him; We do not wish silver nor gold from Saul or from his house. Nor do we wish that you put any man to death in Israel. So David asked again; What shall I do for you? 5And they answered; The man who schemed against us, to destroy us out of all the borders of Israel, (king Saul). 6Deliver seven of his sons to us and we will hang them up to the Lord in the town of Gibeah the land of Benjamin. And the king said; I will give them up to you. 7But the king spared Mephibosheth, the son of Jonathan the son of Saul, because of the oath David had made with Jonathan. 8So the king took the two sons of Rizpah and the five sons of Michal. 9And he delivered them to the Gibeonites. And they hanged them in the hill before the Lord. All seven fell together and died, in the first days of the barley harvest.

10Now Rizpah, that had two sons taken, took sackcloth and spread it for herself upon a rock, where she could see the bodies. She stayed there from the beginning of harvest until the rains came, keeping the birds of the air and the beasts of the field off the bodies. 11This was then told to David, what Rizpah the concubine of Saul, was doing. 12And David went and took the bodies down. 13-14Then he brought the bodies back and buried them in the land of Benjamin, in the tomb of his father Kish. Afterward God heeded prayer for the land.

15Again the Philistines went to war with Israel. And David and his men fought against the Philistines. But, David became faint. 16Ishbi-benob, a son to one of the giants, had a spear of bronze that weigh about seven and a half pounds and had a new sword and thought to kill David. 17But Abishai, (one of his generals), came to his aid, killing the Philistine. But, then David's men came to him and said; You shall not go out to battle with us any more, least we lose the king of Israel.

18After this there was yet again another battle with the Philistines at Gob. Then Sibbechai (one of David's mighty men), killed one of the sons of the giant. 19Again there was a battle with the Philistines in Gob, where Elhanan a mighty warrior for David, killed one of the giants.

20There was yet again a battle in Gath. There was a giant there who had six fingers on each hand and six toes on each foot. 21And as he defied Israel, Jonathan, the brother of David, killed him. 22These four men were born to the giants in Gath and fell by the hand of David and by the hand of his servants.

2nd Samuel: chapter 22

1After this, David spoke this song to the Lord, in the day the Lord had delivered him out of the hand of all his enemies and out of the hand of Saul, this is also told of in Psalm 18 and David said;

2The Lord is my Rock, my Fortress and my Deliverer. 3God who is my Rock, in Him I trust. He is my Shield, the Horn of my salvation, my High Tower, my Refuge and my Savior, whom saves me from violence. 4I will call on the Lord, for He is worthy to be praised. And He will save me from my enemies. 5When the fear of death encircled me and ungodly men make me afraid. 6Being hemmed in by sorrows and the pitfalls of death are before me. 7In my distress, I cried to the Lord my God. And He heard my voice. 8The earth shook and trembled, the foundations of the heavens shook, for the Lord was angry. 9Smoke went up out of His nostrils and devouring fire came from His mouth. 10He lowered the heavens and came down, having darkness under His feet. 11He rode on a cherub and was seen flying on the wings of the wind. 12Darkness was his canopy all around Him, dark waters and thick clouds of the skies. 13From the brightness before Him, coals of fire were kindled. 14The Lord thundered from the heavens and the Most High spoke. 15He scattered His arrows and troubled them with lightening. 16The channels of the sea appeared, the foundations of the earth were uncovered, at the rebuking of the Lord and the breath of His mouth. 17He reached down from above and saved me out of many waters. 18Delivering me from my strong enemy, from those who hated me, for they were stronger than I. 19They caused the day of my calamity, but the Lord was my support. 20The Lord brought me into a large open place, because He delighted in me. 21And He rewarded me according to my righteousness and the cleanness of my hands. 22For I have kept the ways of the Lord and have not wickedly departed from my God. 23For His judgments and statutes were before me and I did not depart from them. 24I have also been upright before Him, keeping myself from iniquity. 25Therefore the Lord has rewarded me according to my righteousness and cleanness within His eyes. 26For with the faithful, He shows Himself faithful and with the upright man He shows Himself upright. 27With the pure He shows Himself pure and with the perverted He appears perverse. 28He delivers the afflicted people, but His eyes are on the proud, whom He brings low. 29Lord, You are my lamp, that lightens my darkness. 30For by You I have run through battle fields and conquered the enemy. 31For God's ways are perfect. Your Word is tried and true and You are a shield for all those who seek refuge in You.

32There is no other God, except the Lord! Our God is a mighty foundational Rock. 33God is my strength and power, He makes my way perfect. 34He makes my feet firm and able, causing me to stand securely on high places. 35Training my hands for battle, strengthening them so that they may bend a bow of bronze. 36He has given me the shield of His salvation and His gentleness has made me great. 37He has paved my path before me, so that my feet do not slip. 38I have pursued my enemies and have not turned back until they are completely destroyed. 39Crushing them under my feet. 40For You have given me strength for the battle, subduing those who rose up against me. 41You have given me the triumph and I have silenced those who hate me. 42My enemies looked, even to the Lord, but there was no one to save, for the Lord did not answer them. 43I then crushed them into the earth, stamped them thin as the clay of the earth. 44He has also delivered me from the strife with my people, keeping me the head of the nations and people that I have not known to serve me. 45Foreigners submit and obey me. 46Foreign enemies fade away, being afraid even within their strongholds. 47Yes, the Lord lives! Blessed be my Rock, I will exalt the God, the Rock of my salvation. 48It is God, who avenges me, bringing forth judgment on the people under me. 49He delivers me from my enemies and lifts me high above those that rise up against me, delivering me from the violent man. 50Lord, therefore, I give thanks to You and even among the heathen shall I sing praises to Your name. 51The Lord is the Tower of my salvation and my king, He shows mercy to David His anointed and to his descendants forevermore.

2nd Samuel: chapter 23

1These are the last words of David the son of Jesse, the man who was raised up on high, the anointed of the God of Israel and the sweet psalmist of Israel. For he said:

2The Spirit of the Lord has spoken through me, His Words have come from my mouth. 3The God and the Rock of Israel has spoken to me, to a man who justly rules over men, ruling in the fear of God. 4He that rules in the fear of God shall be as refreshing as the morning light, as the rising sun, a morning without clouds. As the tender grass springs forth from the earth. 5Even though my house does not stand so with God, He has made an everlasting covenant with me. He has put all things in order and they are sure. My salvation and my desires, He will nurture them and make them grow? 6But all the wicked, the worthless and godless, shall be as a thorn bush thrust away, because they cannot be taken by the hand. 7And the man who deals with them must be armed with iron and a spear, for they shall be utterly burnt up.

8These are the names of David's mighty men: Josheb-basshebeth, the head of the three captains, for he killed eight hundred in one day. 9After him was Eleazar, one of the three mighty men with David when they defied the Philistines that were gathered for battle. 10For he struck the Philistines until his hand was weary and clung to the sword. That day, the Lord worked a great victory. And the people claimed all the spoil. 11The next of the three was Shammah. When the Philistines were gathered together in a field and the other men fled from them in fear. 12He stood in the middle of that field, delivered the land and destroyed the Philistines. That day again the Lord worked a great victory.

13These three mighty men of the thirty chief men came to David during the harvest time into the cave of Adullam were David was. And the troop of the Philistines was gathered in the Valley of the Giants. 14At that time David was in the cave and the garrison of the Philistines were in Bethlehem. 15And David longed and said; If only someone would give me a drink of water from the well of Bethlehem. 16Then the three mighty men broke through the army of the Philistines, drew water from the well of Bethlehem and brought it to David. But, David would not drink of it, but rather poured it out on the ground to the Lord. 17For he said; Lord, far be it from me that I should drink this! Is it not the blood of the men who went in danger of their lives, 1st Chronicles 11:15-19

18Now Abishai, the brother of Joab, was chief among the three mighty men. And in battle he killed three hundred, winning a name among the three mighty men. 19As their commander, he was honored more than the other three. However, David did not assign ranks to the three. 20Now Benaiah, a son of a mighty man. Killed two fierce men of Moab and he also killed a lion in the middle of a pit in the winter. 21He killed an Egyptian, a man of great stature. Even though the Egyptian had a spear in his hand, he went to him with a staff and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian's hand, killing him with his own spear. 22This also placed Benaiah's name among three mighty men. 23And he was the most honorable of the thirty, but he was not included with the first three, for David set him over his own personal guards.

24Asahel the brother of Joab was of the thirty, Elhanan, 25Shammah, Elika, 26Helez, Ira, 27Abiezer, Mebunnai, 28Zalmon, Maharai, 29Heleb, Ittai, 30Benaiah, Hiddai, 31Abialbon, Azmaveth, 32Eliahba, Jonathan, 33Shammah, Ahiam, 34Eliphelet, Eliam, 35Hezrai, Paarai, 36Igal, Bani, 37Zelek, Naharai, 38Ira, Gareb, 39Uriah thirty-seven mighty men in all.

2nd Samuel: chapter 24
David counts the people of Israel, this is also recorded in 1st Chronicles chapter 21.

1Again the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel and He caused David to be against the people, by counting all of Israel and Judah. 2The king told Joab the commander of the army to go throughout all the tribes of Israel and count the people. 3But Joab said to the king; May the Lord your God add to the people, let there be a hundred fold increase that my lord the king can see. But, why does the king delight in this thing? 4But the king's word prevailed against Joab and against the commanders of the army. So Joab and his commanders counted the people of Israel.

5They passed over the Jordan staying in the town of Aroer, near the Valley of Gad and the fortified Ammonite city of Jazer. 6They passed through the city of Gilead, the land of Tahtim-hodshi, coming to Dan-jaan and around to Sidon. 7The stronghold of Tyre and to all the cities of the Hivites and the Canaanites. Going to the south of Judah, to Beer-sheba. 8They went to and fro throughout all the land and arrived back in Jerusalem at the end of nine months and twenty days. 9And the number of men in Israel was eight hundred thousand strong men armed with the sword and five hundred thousand men of Judah.

10After David had numbered the people, his heart was heavy with guilt. And David confessed to the Lord: I have sinned greatly in what I have done. Lord, I now pray that You, remove the iniquity of Your servant, for I have done foolishly. 11The next morning the Word of the Lord came to the prophet Gad, David's seer, saying; 12Tell David; That I give him three options to select from, he shall choose one and I shall carry it out.. 13The prophet Gad then went to David and told him the Words of the Lord, saying; You have three choices: either seven years of famine shall come upon you and on your land, or you and your army shall flee for three months before your enemies, while they pursue you, or there shall be three days of plague in your land. Advise me of your choice and I shall return to Him with an answer.

14David then said; I am in great distress. Let us now fall into the hands of the Lord, for His mercies are great. But do not let me fall into the hands of man. 15So the Lord sent a plague upon Israel from the morning until the appointed time and across the land of Israel seventy thousand men died. 16But when the angel stretched out his hand to destroy the city of Jerusalem, the Lord repented from the evil, saying to the angel who destroyed the people, Enough! At that time, the angel of the Lord was by Araunah's threshing-floor. 17For when David saw the angel, he spoke to the Lord, saying; I have sinned and have done wickedly, but these people have done nothing. I pray to You, that Your hand would rather be against me an against my father's house.

18That day Gad came to David and told him to. Build an altar to the Lord, where the threshing-floor of Araunah is. 19So David went up, according to the instructions of Gad and as the Lord had commanded. 20When Araunah saw the king and his servants coming to him, he went out and bowed before the king, with his face to the ground. 21And Araunah asked, why the king had come to his servant? And David said; To buy your threshing-floor. To build an altar to the Lord, so that the plague may cease from the people.

22Araunah said; Let my lord the king take and offer up what seems good to him. See I have, oxen for burnt sacrifices, threshing instruments and instruments of the oxen for wood. 23All these Araunah graciously gave, saying to the king; May the Lord your God be favorable unto you. 24But the king said to Araunah; No, I will buy these things from you at a price. For I will not offer burnt offerings to the Lord my God that costs me nothing. So David bought the threshing-floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. 25Then David built an altar to the Lord there and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. And the Lord heard the prayers for the land and the plague ceased from Israel.