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Book of Joshua

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Joshua; one of the twelve spies, Numbers chapter 13. The book covers twenty-five years of military victories, from approximately 1400-1375bc. Telling of the twelve tribes of Israel, taking Possession of the promise land of Canaan under Joshua's leadership. The victories were achieved and brought forth, not always by human might, but by the hand of the Lord. For real courage is trusting in God. The book ends with the death of Joshua.
twenty-four chapters
Written shortly after 1375 BC.

noted events
line

Verse by verse, explanation of the book of Joshua.

Joshua: chapter 1

1After the death of Moses, the LORD spoke to Joshua the son of Nun, who was Moses' assistant, saying; 2My servant Moses is dead, therefore, cross over the Jordan with all the people, to the land that I am going to give to the children of Israel. 3Everywhere that you walk, I will give you, just as I also said to Moses. 4 From the wilderness of Lebanon, to the great Euphrates river, all the land of the Hittites to the Great Mediterranean Sea, shall be your border. 5No man shall be able to stand against you. For as I was with Moses, so I will be with you. I will not fail or forsake you. 6So be strong and of good courage. For you shall divide lands among the people as their inheritance that I swore to their fathers to give them. 7Only be strong and very courageous and be careful to do according to everything in the law which My servant Moses commanded you. Do not modify it, making it more strict or more lenient, so that you may become wise, acting wisely wherever you go. 8Do not let this law depart from your thoughts, but meditate on it day and night, so that you may carefully do all that is written in it. For then you shall make your way prosperous, as you act wisely. 9I commanded you to be strong and of good courage. Do not be afraid, neither be timid nor discouraged. For the LORD your God is with you wherever you go.

10Joshua, then commanded the leaders of the people. 11To pass through the camp and ordered the people, to prepare provisions for themselves, for within three days from now, we will cross over the Jordan river and possess the land that the LORD is giving us.

12To the tribes that took their inheritance on this side of the Jordan river, the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh. Joshua spoke and said; 13May you remember the word which Moses the servant of the LORD commanded you, for the LORD your God has given you rest and He has also given you the land on this side of the Jordan river. 14Your wives, your little ones and your livestock shall remain in the land on this side of the Jordan. But, you shall cross over the Jordan river with your brethren, armed for battle, to help your brothers take their land. 15You shall stay there, until they also have taken possession of the land. Then you shall return to your land on this side of the Jordan river.

16And they answered and said; We will do all that you command us to do and go wherever you tell us to go. 17Just as we obeyed Moses, we shall also obey you, surly the LORD your God is with you, as He was also with Moses. 18If anybody rebels against your commands, he shall be put to death. May you be strong and courageous.

Joshua: chapter 2
Sending out of the two spies.

1Joshua in secret then sent out two men to spy out the land, telling them to primarily go and report on the land of Jericho. So the two spies went to Jericho and came to a house of a harlot named Rahab and lodged there. 2However it was told to the king of Jericho, that men from Israel had come to search out the country. 3So the king sent messengers to Rahab, saying; Bring out the men that have come to your house, for they have come to search out our country. 4But the woman took the two men and hid the spies and reported back to the king that, the men had come to her, but she knew not where they were from. 5And as the gate of the city was being shut, the men went out. I do not know where they went, but if you pursue them quickly, you may overtake them. 6But she had hidden the men up on the roof and covered them up with stalks of flax. 7Then a group of men from the city left in pursuit of the spies and the city gate was again shut.

8Before the spies had turned in for the night, Rahab came to them on the roof. 9And said to the men; I know that the LORD has given you this land, for the terror of you has come upon us and all of my countrymen are fainthearted because of you. 10For we have heard how the LORD parted the Red Sea when you came out of Egypt and the battles that you won while in the desert. How You utterly destroyed the two Amorites kings, Sihon and Og. 11As soon as we heard about these things our hearts grew faint and our spirits were drained, all because of you. For the LORD your God, is God in Heaven and of the earth. 12Therefore, I beg of you, that you will swear to me by the LORD, that since I have shown you kindness, you will also show kindness to my father's house giving me a token of this promise. 13Sparing my family, my father and mother, my brothers and sisters, delivering their lives from death. 14And the men answered her; Our lives shall guarantee your lives. If you do not tell of our business. When the LORD gives us the land, we will deal kindly with you.

15She then let them down by a rope through a window, outside the city gates, for her house was on the city wall. 16And instructed them, to flee to the mountains, least the men pursuing you, shall meet up with you. Stay in the mountains for three days, after that you can go your way. 17The men then said to her; We shall be free of our oath that you made us, 18unless you bind this scarlet rope in your window, that you let us down with. Also, you shall bring your father, mother, your brothers and sisters into your home. 19Whoever goes outside the doors of your house, their blood shall be on their own head and we shall be guiltless, but if they are with you in the house, they shall be under our protection. 20And if you tell of our business, then we will be free of the oath which you had made us swear to. 21Rahab replied back; May it be according to your words. And she sent them away and bound the scarlet cord in the window.

22The men then stayed in the mountain three days, until the pursuers returned. For the pursuers had sought them as far back as the Jordan river, but did not find them. 23Then the two men descended from the mountain, crossed over the Jordan river and came to Joshua. 24Telling him that the LORD has truly delivered all the land into our hands, for the people of the land are fainthearted because of us.

Joshua: chapter 3
Crossing of the Jordan river into the promise land.

1The next morning Joshua rose early and he and all the children of Israel, journey to the Jordan river and lodged there before they crossed over. 2After three days, the leaders went through the camp. 3Telling the people; That when they see the Ark of the Covenant carried by the priests and the Levites, they are to follow it. 4However, there shall be a space of 500 yards between you and the Ark, do not come near it, but you shall follow it, for you have not passed this way before. 5Joshua then ordered the people to sanctify themselves, for tomorrow the LORD will do great wonders among you. 6And said to the priests; Take up the Ark of the Covenant and pass before the people.

7That day the LORD said to Joshua; This day I will begin to exalt you in the sight of all Israel, that they may know that I am with you, just as I was with Moses. 8You shall command the priests who carry the Ark of the Covenant, saying; When you come to the banks of the Jordan, you shall stand still in the waters.

9Then Joshua called to the children of Israel and said; Come here and hear the words of the LORD your God. 10By this you shall know that the Living God is among you. And He will drive out the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Hivites, the Perizzites, the Girgashites, the Amorites and the Jebusites from before you. 11Look, the Ark of the Covenant is crossing over the Jordan river before you. 12Therefore, choose twelve men, one from each of the twelve tribes of Israel. 13And it shall be, that as soon as the priests that carry the Ark of the Lord, shall step into the waters of Jordan river, the waters shall part and stand as a heap.

14And it happened just as Joshua spoke, the priests carried the Ark of the Covenant before the people and the people then followed. 15As the priests that carried the Ark stepped into the water, (for during that time of the year the Jordan regularly overflows its banks). 16The waters that flowed down stopped and rose up in a heap and the waters on the other side were cut off. Exposing several miles of dry riverbed. 17And the priests who carried the Ark of the LORD stood firm on dry ground in the middle of Jordan. Until all the Israelites passed over the Jordan on dry ground.

Joshua: chapter 4

1When all the people had crossed over the Jordan, the LORD spoke to Joshua, saying; 2Select twelve men, one from each of the twelve tribes of Israel. 3Command each man to take a stone from out of the mist of the Jordan, from the place where the priests stood. Each man shall carry them across with him and leave them in the place where you stay tonight.

4Joshua then called and appointed twelve men, one from each of the tribes of Israel. 5And instructed them to cross over in front of the Ark of the LORD your God And each man shall put a stone on his shoulder, one stone for each of the twelve tribes of Israel. 6This shall be done as a remembrance for you and your children. When they ask, What is the meaning of these stones. 7You can then answer them, When the LORD parted the waters and the Ark of the Covenant passed over the Jordan river. These stones were picked up for a memorial to the sons of Israel forever. 8So each man did as Joshua had commanded, they took twelve stones from the middle of the Jordan and carried them over to the place where they stayed that night. 9Joshua also set up twelve stones in the midst of the Jordan, where the priests stood holding the Ark and they are there to this day. 10Now the priests carrying the Ark stood in the middle of the Jordan until all the people quickly passed over and everything had finished. 11And when all the people had crossed over, the Ark of the LORD and the priests also crossed over. 12That day the sons of Reuben, Gad and Manasseh, also crossed over with their brethren armed for battle. 13All together about forty thousand armed men passed over before the LORD for battle, into the plains of Jericho. 14On that day the LORD made Joshua great in the sight of all Israel. And the people feared him, just as they had feared Moses.

15And the LORD spoke to Joshua, saying; 16Command the priests that carry the Ark of the Testimony, now to come up out of the Jordan. 17Thus Joshua did so. 18And when the priests had come up out of the midst of the Jordan, the waters of the Jordan river returned and flowed over its banks as before. 19The people had crossed over on the tenth of the first month and they camped in Gilgal, in the east border of Jericho, (NOTE: 40 years after the exodus from Egypt). 20Joshua placed the twelve stones taken from the Jordan river in Gilgal. 21And spoke again to the sons of Israel saying; When your sons ask their fathers what these stones mean? 22You shall tell them, of how Israel came over the Jordan river on dry land. 23For the LORD your God parted the waters of the Jordan river, just as He also did with the Red Sea. 24So that all the people of the earth might know the hand of the LORD is mighty and that we might fear the LORD our God forever.

Joshua: chapter 5

1When all the kings of the Amorites and the Canaanites heard that the LORD had parted the Jordan and the children of Israel had crosses over on dry land, their hearts sank and their courage left them.

2The LORD then spoke to Joshua, saying; Make sharp knives and reinstate the sign of circumcision of the sons of Israel. 3So Joshua made flint knives and circumcised the sons of Israel, at the hill of the foreskins. 4The reason why was that, while all the people who came out of the land of Egypt had been circumcised, they had all perished in the wilderness. 5But all the people born in the wilderness, had not been circumcised. 6For the sons of Israel had walked for forty years in the wilderness, until all the people and the men of war had perished, because they did not obey the voice of the LORD. And the LORD swore that He would not show them the land flowing with milk and honey that He promised to give their fathers. 7So Joshua then circumcised the children, for they had not been circumcised.

8When they had finished circumcising the people, they stayed in the camp where they were, until they were all healed. 9The LORD then said to Joshua; Today I have taken away the shame that the Egyptians had placed upon you, therefore, this place is called Gilgal. 10In Gilgal they kept the Passover on the 14th day of the month. 11The day after the Passover, they ate of the produce of the land, of unleavened cakes and roasted grain. 12And the very next day the manna from heaven stopped, but the children of Israel had the fruit of the land of Canaan to eat.

13Now as Joshua camped there in Jericho, he saw a Man with His sword drawn. And Joshua went to Him and said; Are You for us, or for our adversaries? 14And the Man said; I have come as the Commander of the army of the LORD. Joshua then fell on his face in worship and said to the Man; What does my Lord say to His servant? 15And the Commander of the LORD's army said to Joshua; Take your shoes off, for the place where you stand is holy. And Joshua did so.

Joshua: chapter 6
The victory at Jericho, (the walls fell down).

1Now the city gates of Jericho remained closed both day and night, because of the sons of Israel, no one went in or out. 2And the LORD said to Joshua; I have put the land of Jericho into your hands, its king and the mighty men of war. 3All the men of war shall march around the city, once per day, for six days. 4There shall be seven priests each carrying a trumpet of ram's horns in front of the Ark of the Covenant. On the seventh day, you shall circle the city seven times and the priests shall blow their trumpets. 5And it shall be, that when the priests make a long blast with the ram's horn, all the people shall shout. And the walls of the city will fall down flat. Then the people shall enter in, each man against the inhabitants of the city.

6Joshua then called the priests and instructed them to take the Ark of the Covenant and select seven priests to carry seven ram's horns in front of it. 7Then Joshua said to the people; Circle the city, letting those who are armed march in front of the Ark of the LORD. 8The procession then began, with seven priests each carrying a ram's horn going before the LORD as they blew their ram's horns, followed by the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD. 9The armed men went before the priests, with an army of people after the Ark. 10And the LORD commanded the people not to shout or speak a word until the day that I tell you to shout. 11So on the first day, the Ark of the LORD went around the city once and then returned back into the Israelite's camp for the night. 12On the second day, Joshua rose early in the morning and the priests took up the Ark of the LORD. 13The seven priests continuing blowing their ram's horns before the Ark of the LORD, with the armed men going in front and the rear guard following after the Ark of the LORD. 14Then they went around the city once, returning back to the camp. And they did this for six days.

15Now on the seventh day they rose very early in the morning and circled the city, seven times. 16The seventh time they circled the city, when the priest blew the ram's horns. Joshua told the people to Shout! Saying; the LORD has given you the city! 17And the city and all that is in it shall be devoted to the LORD. Only Rahab the harlot and all that is in her house shall live, because she hid the messengers that we sent. 18You shall keep yourself from any of the accursed things, lest you become cursed yourselves, also making the camp of Israel a curse. 19But all the silver and gold and vessels of bronze and iron, are devoted to the LORD and shall be kept in the LORD's treasury.

20That day when the priests blew the ram's horns and the people shouted, the walls of the city fell down flat. The people then went up into the city and they took it. 21They completely destroyed both men and women, young and old, ox, sheep and ass, with the edge of the sword. 22Joshua then said to the two men who had spied out the country; Go into the harlot's house and bring her out and whoever is in her house. 23So the two men brought Rahab out, her father and mother, her brothers and everybody that was in the house. And gave them a place to live outside of the camp of Israel. 24They then burned the city and all that was in it. Except for the silver and gold and the vessels of bronze and iron, were put into the treasury of the house of the LORD. 25Of the entire city only Rahab the harlot and her father's household, was saved. And she lives in Israel to this day, because she hid the messengers whom Joshua sent to spy out Jericho.

26Then Joshua proclaimed a curse on the city, saying; Cursed be the man before the LORD, who rises up and builds the city of Jericho, he shall lay its foundation with his firstborn and with his youngest he shall set up its gates.

NOTE: (The city was later rebuilt by king Ahab in 1st Kings 16:34, he experienced the curse by losing his eldest and youngest son).
27And the LORD was with Joshua and his fame spread throughout all that country.

Joshua: chapter 7

1Then the children of Israel committed a trespass. A man named Achan of the tribe of Judah, took some of the accursed things and thus the anger of the LORD burned against the children of Israel.

2Now Joshua sent men out to spy out the country of Ai. 3And when the men returned, they reported that the numbers of the men in the city were few and only two or three thousand men would be needed for the battle. 4So about three thousand men went up there, but they ran in defeat from the men of Ai. 5And the men of Ai killed about thirty-six Israelites and chased the rest of the men to the gate of Shebarim, striking them down as they fled. Thus the hearts of the people sank and they lost spirit.

6When Joshua found out about this, he tore his clothes, in grief and fell on his face before the Ark of the LORD and he and the elders of Israel put ashes on their heads. 7Joshua then inquired of the LORD as to why they had crossed over the Jordan to now be delivered into the hands of the Amorites. If only we had been content to stay on the other side of the Jordan. 8What now shall we say if the other nations should hear of our defeat. 9For the Canaanites will hear of this and will come against us, removing our name from the entire earth. And what will You do, for Your name is great?

10Then LORD said to Joshua; Get up! Why do you lie on your face? 11Israel has sinned, they have transgressed My covenant, for they have taken some of the accursed things. They are guilty of both stealing and deception, for they have put these things with their own things. 12Therefore they could not stand before their enemies, for they have become doomed to destruction. Nether will I be with you anymore, unless you destroy the accursed from among you. 13Now get up, sanctify the people and tell them to sanctify themselves, for tomorrow, thus says the LORD, the accursed thing in your midst will be found out. For Israel cannot stand before your enemies until you take away the accursed thing. 14In the morning everybody shall be brought up, according to your tribes and the guilty man shall be found. 15It shall be that he who has taken the accursed thing shall be burnt with fire, he and all that he has. Because he has transgressed the covenant of the LORD and has done a disgraceful thing in Israel.

16The next day, early in the morning, Joshua brought all of Israel out, by their tribes and the tribe of Judah was taken. 17From the tribe of Judah, the family name of Zarhites was taken and of the family of Zarhites the household of Zabdi was taken. 18From that household a man named Achan the son of Carmi was taken. 19Then Joshua said to Achan; Give glory to the LORD, I beg of you, confess what you have done, do not hide it from me. 20Achan then confessed and said; I have sinned against the LORD God of Israel. 21I saw among the spoil a goodly robe of Shinar, two hundred shekels of silver and a wedge of gold of fifty shekels in weight, I coveted and took them. And they are buried in my tent.

22So messengers went to the tent and they found the articles. 23They took them and brought them to Joshua and to all the children of Israel and laid them out before the LORD. 24Then Joshua and all of Israel with him, took Achan, the garment, the silver and the gold, his sons and daughters, his oxen, sheep and donkeys and all that he had to the valley of Achor. 25And Joshua said; Why have you troubled us? The LORD will trouble you this day. So all of Israel stoned them to death. After which they burnt them with fire. 26They then placed a great pile of stones over them and the LORD turned from His anger. Therefore, the name of that place has been called the Valley of Achor, (NOTE: the name: Achan means Troubler & the place: Achor means Trouble).

Joshua: chapter 8

1The Lord then spoke to Joshua and said; Do not be afraid or timid. Take all the men of war with you and go up to the city of Ai. I have given into your hands the king, the people, the city and the land. 2You shall do to the city and its king as you did in Jericho. But, its spoil and its cattle you shall take as booty for yourselves. You shall lay an ambush for the city and come from behind it.

3The next day thirty thousand mighty men were chosen and they were to leave by the cover of night. 4They were told to lie in ambush against the city. 5The people and myself, will then go toward the city and they shall come out against us, as we flee from them. 6Thus we shall draw them out of the city. 7Then you shall rise up and seize the city, for the LORD your God will deliver it into your hand. 8And when you have taken the city, you shall then set the city on fire, according to the commandment of the LORD.

9So the next day Joshua and the troops all left, to lie in ambush and they stayed on the west side of Ai. And Joshua lodged that night among the people. 10The next day, Joshua rose up early in the morning and called the people together. As he and the elders of Israel approached the city, they were in plain sight of the people of Ai. 11And the Israelites, the men of war, drew near to the city and made camp on the north side of Ai, for there was a valley between them and Ai. 12About five thousand men went around the city, to lie in ambush on the west side of the city. 13When everyone was set in place, the army on the north of the city and its rear ambush on the west of the city. That night Joshua crossed into the middle of the valley.

14Now, the king of Ai, saw the army to the north. His armies and all his people rose up early and went out of the city to do battle against Israel. (Their timing of this was exactly as Israel had plained). For the people did not know of the men lying in ambush on the west side of the city. 15Joshua and the men with him acted as if they were defeated, as they fled into the wilderness. 16And all the men in the city took up pursuit of the Israelites and were drawn away from their city. 17There was not a man left in Ai or in Bethel and the city was left open.

18The LORD then said to Joshua; Stretch out the spear in your hand toward Ai, for I will put it in your hands. So Joshua stretched out the spear in his hand toward the city. 19The men waiting in ambush then came into the city, taking it and quickly setting it on fire. 20When the men of Ai looked back at the city and saw the smoke, their power to flee left them. And the Israelites who had fled to the wilderness then turned back against their pursuers. 21And when Joshua and the other men saw that the ambush had taken the city. They begin killing the men of Ai. 22And the five thousand men who had burnt the city afterwards came out. So that the men of Ai were trapped between the two armies of Israel. And they struck everyone of them, not one man remained or escape. 23But they took the king of Ai alive and brought him to Joshua.

24Now when the men of Israel had finished killing the men of Ai, that were pursuing them in the field and in the wilderness. All the Israelites returned to the city of Ai and completed its devastation. 25That day twelve thousand men and woman of Ai were slain. 26For Joshua did not draw his hand back, when he stretched out the spear, until all the people of Ai were utterly destroyed. 27However, Israel took the cattle and the spoil of the city as their prize according to the Word of the LORD. 28The city of Ai was burnt, left as a heap and is a ruin to this day. 29And Joshua hung the king of Ai on a tree until evening. And when the sun went down, Joshua commanded that the body be taken down and put at the entrance to the gate of the city and it is there to this very day.

30Then Joshua built an altar to the LORD God of Israel in Mount Ebal, 31As Moses the servant of the LORD commanded the sons of Israel, as it is written in the book of the Law of Moses, an altar of stones that have not been shaped with a tool. And they then offered burnt and peace offerings on it to the LORD. 32There Joshua wrote on the stones, in the presence of the sons of Israel, a copy of the Law of Moses. 33And the elders, the officers and the judges of Israel, stood on one side of the Ark, while the priests, the Levites, who bore the Ark of the Covenant of the LORD, stood on the other side. Half of the people along with the strangers, stood facing Mount Gerizim and the other half facing Mount Ebal, as Moses had commanded that they should bless all the people of Israel. 34Joshua read all the words of the Law, both the blessings and the cursings. 35Not a word was missed, the whole law was spoken to the congregation of Israel, the women, the children and the strangers that were with them.

Joshua: chapter 9
A great time of military victories, yet also trickery by the people of Gibeon.

1Now when all the kings on this side of the Jordan, heard about the battles that Joshua had been winning. 2They gathered together and formed an alliance, to fight against Israel in one accord.

3But when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done to Jericho and Ai. 4They put together the following scheme. (NOTE: For their cities were about six miles southwest of Ai. And they knew if they did not take action, they would also be defeated in battle by Israel). So they sent a party out, pretending to be ambassadors, taking with them old clothes, old wineskins that were torn and mended. 5Old and patched sandals and all the bread of their provision was dry and moldy. 6They went to Joshua and the men of Israel and spoke to them, saying; We have come from a far country, therefore, make a covenant with us. 7However, the men of Israel said to the Hivites; Perhaps you dwell among us, how can we then make a covenant with you? 8But they said to Joshua; We are your servants. And Joshua asked them; Who are you and where do you come from? 9And they replied to him; Your servants have come from a very far country, because of the name of the LORD your God. We have heard of His fame and all that He has done in Egypt 10What He did to the two Amorites kings beyond Jordan, king Sihon of Heshbon and king Og of Bashan. 11The elders of our country told us to come and meet you and tell you that we are your servants. Therefore, now make a covenant with us. 12This bread was fresh when we departed, but look at it, it is now dry and moldy. 13And our garments and sandals have become old because of the very long journey. 14So the men of Israel gave them some of their provisions, however, they did not seek the counsel of the LORD. 15Then Joshua gave them his word of peace and made a covenant with them, to let them live and the rulers of Israel swore an oath to them.

16However, three days after the covenant had been made with them, the men of Israel found out that they were their neighbors, living nearby. 17So the men of Israel journeyed and on the third day came to their cities of Gibeon, Chephirah, Beeroth and Kirjath-jearim. 18But the Israelites did not attack them, for the rulers of Israel had made a covenant with them by the LORD God of Israel. However, the congregation did complain against the rulers of Israel. 19-21So the rulers said to the people, We have sworn to them by the LORD God of Israel. Therefore, we cannot kill them. But, this is what we will do, they shall be woodcutters and water carriers for the whole congregation.

22Then Joshua called upon them, saying; why have you deceived us, saying you come from a far country? 23Therefore you shall be cursed and all of you shall be slaves, woodcutters and water carriers for the service of our God. 24The people then said; Your servants were clearly told that God's servant Moses gave you all the land and commanded you to destroy all the people of that land. Therefore, we feared for our lives because of you and have done this thing. 25We are in your hands, do with us as seems good and right. 26And the people were delivered from the hands of the children of Israel, so they could not kill them. 27And that day, the people were made to be woodcutters and water carriers for the people of Israel and the house of God.

Joshua: chapter 10

1Now when Adoni-Zedek king of Jerusalem heard how Joshua had destroyed Ai, as he had also done to Jericho, how the people of Gibeon had made peace with Israel and were now among them. 2He greatly feared, because Gibeon was a great city, being even greater than Ai. 3-4Therefore the king of Jerusalem made an alliance with four Amorites kings to make war against Gibeon, for the people of Gibeon had made peace with Joshua and the children of Israel. 5So the five kings of the Amorites, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, the king of Eglon, all gathered their armies together and camped before Gibeon to make war against it.

6The men of Gibeon then sent messages to Joshua, pleading for help, saying; Do not forsake your servants. Come up quickly. For the kings of the Amorites have gathered against us. 7So Joshua assembled all the mighty men of war together. 8And as the army was going up, the LORD spoke to him and said; Do not fear them, for I have delivered them into your hand, not a man shall stand before you. 9Having marched all night, Joshua came upon them suddenly. 10The LORD then brought confusion to them and Israel greatly slaughtered them at Gibeon. Chasing them along the way and striking them down as they fled. 11And as they fled before Israel, the LORD cast down large hailstones from heaven, upon them and they died. All in all, more men died from the hailstones than the children of Israel killed with the sword.

12That day Joshua spoke to the LORD and he said in the sight of all Israel; Let the sun and moon stand still over Gibeon. 13And the sun and the moon stood still, until the people had revenge upon their enemies. The sun stood still that day and remained up for about one whole day. 14There has not been a day like that again, where the LORD heeded the voice of a man and fought for Israel. 15Joshua then turned back to the camp at Gilgal.

16However the five kings had fled and hid themselves in a cave. 17When Joshua knew this; 18He gave orders to have large stones rolled against the opening of the cave and to have men guard it. 19And Joshua instructed the rest of his men to stay in pursuit of your enemies. Attack them from the rear and do not allow them to enter their cities, for the LORD has delivered them to you.

20When Joshua and the sons of Israel had ended the battle with a very great slaughter with only a few who remained taking shelter in their fortified cities. 21All the people then returned to Joshua at the camp in Makkedah. That day there was not one word of criticism from any of the people.

22Joshua then ordered the cave to be opened and the five kings to be brought to him. 23So the men brought out the five kings, the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish and the king of Eglon. 24Joshua then called all the men of Israel and told the captions of the army, to put their feet on the necks of these kings. 25Joshua then said to his men; Do not be afraid but remain strong and courageous for the LORD will do thus against all your enemies. 26Afterwards Joshua struck and killed them and hung them on a tree. And they were left on the tree until evening. 27At sunset the bodies were taken down and cast into the cave where they had hidden and large stones were placed over the mouth of the cave.

28On that day, Joshua struck the city of Makkedah with the sword and took it, he utterly destroyed the king and every person in it. And he did to the king of Makkedah as he did to the king of Jericho.

29Joshua and his army then fought against the city of Libnah. 30And the LORD also delivered it and its king into the hands of Israel. All the people were destroyed and he did to the king as he did to the king of Jericho.

31Then Joshua and the sons of Israel went on to the city of Lachish, made camp and fought against it. 32And the LORD delivered the city of Lachish into the hand of Israel and on the second day, Israel took it. Destroying everyone who was in it. 33Then Horam, the king of Gezer, came up to help the people of Lachish. So Joshua struck him and his people with the sword, until there were none who remained.

34From there Joshua and all of Israel went to the city of Eglon, made camp and fought against it. 35That day they struck it with the sword and took the city. Everybody in the city was completely destroyed that day.

36From there Joshua and all of Israel went up to Hebron and they fought against it. 37They struck it with the sword and took all its cities, utterly destroying all who were in the city and its king, no one was left remaining.

38Joshua and all of Israel then fought against the city of Debir. 39They struck its cities with the sword and took them. Destroying all who were in the cities and its king, no one was left remaining.

40Joshua fought and took all the land, the hills, the south, the valley, the springs and destroyed all their kings, no one was left remaining. He destroyed everyone, as the LORD God of Israel had commanded. 41Striking them from near and far, 42taking their kings and all lands, in a series of victories, for the LORD God of Israel was fighting for Israel. 43Joshua and all of Israel with him, then returned to the camp at Gilgal.

Joshua: chapter 11

1Now when Jabin, the king of Hazor heard of all the battles Israel was winning. He sent word to the king of Madon, the king of Shimron and the king of Achshaph. 2Also to the kings from the north, from the mountains and the plains, the lowlands and the heights on the west. 3To the Canaanites's, the Amorites', the Hittite's, the Perizzites', the Jebusites' and the Hivite's. 4All their armies came out in multitude, as the sands on the seashore, with many horses and chariots. 5And they all met at the waters of Merom to fight against Israel.

6The LORD then said to Joshua; Do not be afraid, for tomorrow, I will deliver them up, all shall be killed before Israel. You shall hamstring their horses and burn their chariots. 7So Joshua and his army attacked them suddenly at the waters of Merom. 8And the LORD delivered them into the hands of Israel. As they fled, Israel pursued them regardless of the direction they fled and attacked them until none were left. 9Joshua then did as the LORD had commanded, he burnt their chariots and hamstrung their horses.

10Joshua then turned back and stuck Jabin, the king of Hazor with the sword, for he was the organizer of all the kingdoms in this battle. 11all the others that were part of the conspiracy were also utterly destroyed. Lastly, he then burnt Hazor with fire.

12All of those cities Joshua also took, for he had utterly destroyed them, as Moses the servant of the LORD had commanded. 13But Israel did not burn any of the cities except the city of Hazor. 14All the spoil of the cities and the cattle the sons of Israel took for themselves. But, every man was destroyed, no one was left standing. 15And Joshua did just as the LORD had commanded His servant Moses.

16So Joshua took all the land, the hills, all the south country, all the land of Goshen, the valley, the plain, the mountains of Israel and its lowlands. 17The boundaries ran from Mount Halak, going up to Seir, to Baal-gad in the valley of Lebanon, below Mount Hermon. 18All together the battles took many days. 19Except for the Hivites, of Gibeon, all the other cities were taken in battle. 20For the LORD had hardened their hearts, that they should come against Israel in battle. That they would be destroyed without favor, as the LORD had commanded Moses.

21These were some of the giants of old. From the mountains, from Hebron, from Debir, from Anab and from all the mountains of Judah and Israel. Joshua destroyed them with their cities. 22None of the giants were left in the land of the sons of Israel, however, a few did remain in Gaza, in Gath and in Ashdod. 23And the whole land, was taken as an inheritance to Israel according to their divisions of their tribes, as the LORD had commanded Moses. And the land rested from war.

Joshua: chapter 12

1These are the kings that the children of Israel defeated, before they had crossed over the Jordan and whose lands they possessed. The lands from the boundaries of, the River Arnon to Mount Hermon and all the eastern Jordan plain. 2The kings defeated were, Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt in Heshbon and ruled from the town of Aroer, which is on the bank of the river Arnon, Its borders were from the Arnon river, running through half of Gilead, to the river Jabbok. 3From the plain, to the sea of Chinneroth on the east, to the Salt Sea, following the road to Beth-jeshimoth and under the Slopes of Pisgah on the south. 4The other king was, Og the king of Bashan, one of the giants, who lived at Ashtaroth and at Edrei. 5The boundaries of his land encompassed Mount Hermon, Salcah and Bashan, to the border of the Geshurites and the Maachathites, the other half of Gilead, to the border of Sihon king of Heshbon. 6These lands Moses gave as possession to the Reubenites, the Gadites and to some of the half-tribe of Manasseh.

7And these are the kings that the children of Israel defeated, after they had crossed over the Jordan and the lands they possessed. From Baal-gad on the west, to Mount Halak, going up to Seir, which Joshua gave to the tribes of Israel for a possession according to their divisions by tribes. 8The land span across the mountains, the valleys, the plains, the springs, the wilderness and the south countries of the Hittites, the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Perizzites, the Hivites and the Jebusites. 9And the kings taken in battle were, the king of Jericho, the king of Ai, 10the king of Jerusalem, the king of Hebron, 11the king of Jarmuth, the king of Lachish, 12the king of Eglon, the king of Gezer, 13the king of Debir, the king of Geder, 14the king of Hormah, the king of Arad, 15the king of Libnah, the king of Adullam, 16the king of Makkedah, the king of Bethel, 17the king of Tappuah, the king of Hepher, 18the king of Aphek, the king of Lasharon, 19the king of Madon, the king of Hazor, 20the king of Shimron-meron, the king of Achshaph, 21the king of Taanach, the king of Megiddo, 22the king of Kedesh, the king of Jokneam of Carmel, 23the king of Dor in the coast of Dor, the king of the nations of Gilgal, 24the king of Tirzah. All the kings were thirty-one.

Joshua: chapter 13

1As Joshua was becoming advanced in years, the Lord spoke to him and said; You are becoming advanced in years and there remains much land yet to be possessed. 2All the territory of the Philistines and all the Geshurites, 3the Canaanite land of Shihor that is before Egypt, northward to the borders of Ekron, the lands of the five lords of the Philistines, Gaza, Ashdod, Ashkelon, Gath and Ekron, even the land of Avim. 4From the south all the land of the Canaanites and Mearah the land of the Sidonians, up to Aphek to the border of the Amorites. 5The land of the Giblites, all Lebanon to the east and from Baal-gad under Mount Hermon to the border of Hamath, 6From the hills of Lebanon to the Misrephoth-Maim and all the Sidonians. All these lands I will drive out the inhabitants before the sons of Israel as their inheritance. 7Therefore, take this land and divide it among the nine tribes and the partial half-tribe of Manasseh that are on this side of the Jordan river.

8For the tribes of Ruben, Gad and the partial half-tribe of Manasseh, received their inheritance, that Moses the servant of the LORD gave them before crossing over the Jordan river, in the plains of Moab. 9 From Aroer on the bank of the river Arnon, with the city in the plains of Medeba, all the way to Dibon. 10All the cities of Sihon the king of the Amorites, to the border of Ammon. 11The land of Gilead, to the border of the Geshurites and Maachathites, Mount Hermon and all Bashan to Salcah. 12The kingdom of Og in Bashan, who was a giant, struck by Moses. 13However the sons of Israel did not do away with the Geshurites and the Maachathites, for they dwell among the Israelites until this day. 14Levi was the only tribe that the LORD gave no inherence to, for the burnt offerings and sacrifices to the LORD was their inheritance, as spoken by the LORD.

Land inheritance east of Jordan, given to tribes of Reuben, Glad and Manasseh.
  • 15To the tribe of Reuben their inheritance according to their families was. 16The town of Aroer on the river Arnon, plus the city in the midst of the valley and all the plains around Medeba. 17The capital of Heshbon and all its cities in the plain, Dibon, Bamoth-baal and Beth-baal-meon, 18Jahazah, Kedemoth and Mephaath, 19Kirjath-aim, Sibmah and the mountains and the valley of Zareth-shahar. 20Beth-peor, Ashdoth-pisgah and Beth-jeshimoth. 21All the cities within the plains and all the kingdoms of Sihon king of the Amorites who reigned in Heshbon and Moses struck with the sword. 22In addition to their military victories, the sons of Israel also killed Balaam the son of Beor, the false prophet, with the sword. 23The river Jordan was the border for the tribe of Reuben.
  • 24To the tribe of Gad their inheritance according to their families was. 25The land of Jazer, all the cities of Gilead and half the land of Ammon, to Aroer, before coming to Rabbah, 26From the capital of Heshbon to Ramoth-mizpeh, Betonim and from Mahanaim to the border of Debir. 27The valley of Beth-aram, Beth-nimrah, Succoth, Zaphon and the rest of the kingdom of Sihon king of Heshbon, Jordan to its border, to the Sea of Chinnereth on the east side of the Jordan. 28So is the inheritance of the sons of Gad.
  • 29To the half-tribe of Manasseh their inheritance according to their families was. 30The land from Mahanaim, all of Bashan, the kingdom of Og king of Bashan and all the towns of Jair, in Bashan, sixty cities in all. 31Half of Gilead, Ashtaroth, Edrei and the cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan, were given to the sons of Manasseh. 32This was the land in the plains of Moab, that Moses gave out as inheritance. 33But to the tribe of Levi Moses gave no inheritance, for the LORD God of Israel was their inheritance.
Joshua: chapter 14
Land inheritance west of Jordan, divided among the tribes.
map of Canaan, the promise land

1This is the record how the land of Canaan was divided and given as an inheritance to the children of Israel. The land was divided by Eleazar the priest, Joshua and the heads of the tribes. 2The inheritance was given out by lot and according to family size, to the nine and the partial half-tribe on this side of the Jordan river. 3For Moses had given the two other tribes and the other part of the half-tribe their inheritance on the other side of the Jordan river. And to the Levites no inheritance was given. 4For the two sons of Joseph were the two half-tribes, Manasseh and Ephraim. And no land inheritance was given to the Levites, except cities to live in and pasture rights for their cattle and for their possessions. 5And the sons of Israel divided the land up, just as the LORD had commanded Moses.

Land inheritance of Caleb, the son of Nun.

6The children of Judah came to Joshua and Caleb spoke, saying; You know the word which the LORD spoke to Moses concerning us back at Kadesh Barnea. 7I was forty years old when Moses sent me to spy out the land and I brought back the word to him that was upon my heart. 8Nevertheless my brethren who went up with me brought back a bad report and discouraged the people, but I have wholly followed the LORD my God. 9And that day Moses swore that the land wherever you shall go shall be your inheritance, for you and for your children's forever. Because you have wholly followed the LORD my God. 10And here I am today, eighty-five years old, the LORD has kept me alive through all the wilderness years. 11I am as strong as I was forty years ago when Moses sent me and am still able to go out to war and to come back in again. 12Therefore give me this mountain of which the LORD spoke to me in that day. We have heard, in times past, that the Anakim were there, (a race of fierce giants) and how the city is fortified, however, with the LORD with me, I will be able to drive them out, as the LORD has said.

13So Joshua blessed Caleb and gave him the city of Hebron as an inheritance. 14Thus Hebron became known as the inheritance of Caleb, because he fully followed the LORD God of Israel. 15For the name of Hebron before was Kirjath-arba, named after; Arba, (the one great man among the giants). But, now the land had rest from war.

Joshua: chapter 15
Land inheritance for the tribe of Judah.

1The land inheritance of the tribe of Judah according to their families was. The border of Edom south to the wilderness of Zin. 2The south border was from the tip of the Salt Sea to the bay. 3Southward to the ascent of Akrabbim to the wilderness of Zin, through Kadesh-barnea, to Hezron, up toward the city of Adar and turned toward Karkaa. 4Going on to Azmon, to the brook of Egypt, ending at the Mediterranean Sea.
5The east border was from the Salt Sea to the end of Jordan river.
The north border was from the bay of the Mediterranean sea to the end of the Jordan river. 6Going up to the city of Beth-hoglah, along the north side of the city of Beth-arabah, up to the stone of Bohan the landmark of Reuben. 7Running from the valley of Achor up to the town of Debir, northward to the city of Gilgal up to the Adummim-pass on the south side of the river. Toward the waters of En-shemesh, ending at the well of En-rogel. 8Turning and going up to the valley of Hinnom to the south side of the Jebusites ridge of Jerusalem. Westward to the peak of the mountain by the valley of Hinnom, at the northern end of the Valley of the Giants. 9The border then turned at the peak of the mountain to the water of Nephtoah and out to the cities of Mount Ephron, turning towards the town of Baalah. 10Westward to Mount Seir, along the side of Mount Jearim, down to the city of Beth-shemesh, on to the city of Timnah. 11Northward to the side of the city of Ekron, to the city of Shikkeron and on to Mount Baalah, out to the city of Jabneel, ending at the Mediterranean Sea. 12And the west border followed the coastline of the Mediterranean Sea.

13Joshua gave a part of Judah's inheritance to Caleb, who was of the tribe of Judah, the occupied city of Hebron. according to the command of the LORD. 14And Caleb took that city and drove out the three sons of Anak: Sheshai, Ahiman and Talmai. 15From there Caleb went to the family members of Judah that were likely to reside in the town of Debir, for before it was taken it was called Kirjath-sepher. 16And Caleb said; Whoever conquers the city of Kirjath-sepher, I will give my daughter Achsah to him for a wife. 17And Othniel the son of Kenaz, the brother of Caleb, took it. So Caleb gave him Achsah his daughter as a wife. 18Now as Achsah came to Othniel and persuaded him to ask her father for a field also. As she dismounted her animal, Caleb asked her, What she desired? 19And she answered; You have given me a south land. Bless me also with springs of water. So Caleb gave her the upper and the lower springs. 20This was the inheritance of the tribe of the sons of Judah according to their families.

21These are the cities, towns and villages towards the southern coast of Edom, that the tribe of Judah inherited: the city of Kabzeel, city of Eder, town of Jagur, 22city of Kinah, city of Dimonah, city of Adadah, 23city of Kedesh, city of Ithnan, 24city of Ziph, city of Telem, town of Bealoth, 25city of Hazor, 26town of Amam, city of Shema, city of Moladah, 27village of Hazar-gaddah, town of Heshmon, town of Beth-palet, 28town of Hazar-shual, city of Beersheba, town of Bizjothjah, 29town of Baalah, city of Iim, village of Azem, 30town of Eltolad, village of Chesil, city of Hormah, 31city of Ziklag, town of Madmannah, city of Sansannah, 32city of Lebaoth, city of Shilhim, city of Ain and town of Rimmon. All the cities and towns were 29, plus their villages.

33In the low-lands the cities, towns and villages were: the town of Eshtaol, city of Zoreah, city of Ashnah, 34city of Zanoah, city of En-gannim, city of Tappuah, village of Enam, 35city of Jarmuth, city of Adullam, city of Socoh, town of Azekah, 36city of Sharaim, city of Adithaim, town of Gederah, town of Gederothaim; fourteen cities and towns plus their villages.

37The city of Zenan, village of Hadashah, town of Migdal-gad, 38town of Dilean, city of Mizpeh, city of Joktheel, 39city of Lachish, town of Bozkath, city of Eglon, 40town of Cabbon, town of Lahmam, city of Kithlish, 41town of Gederoth, town of Beth-dagon, city of Naamah and city of Makkedah, sixteen cities and towns plus their villages.

42city of Libnah, village of Ether, city of Ashan, 43city of Jiphtah, city of Ashnah, city of Nezib, 44city of Keilah, town of Achzib, city of Mareshah, nine cities and towns plus their villages.

45The city of Ekron and its towns and villages. 46From Ekron east to the Sea, all the cities and villages that were near to Ashdod. 47The city of Ashdod and its towns and villages; Gaza with its towns and its villages, to the river of Egypt and the Great Sea.

48In the mountains, town of Shamir, city of Jattir, city of Socoh, 49village of Dannah, city of Debir, 50town of Anab, town of Eshtemoh, city of Anim, 51city of Goshen, town of Holon, town of Giloh; eleven cities and towns plus their villages.

52city of Arab, town of Dumah, city of Eshean, 53town of Janum, town of Beth-tappuah, village of Aphekah, 54town of Humtah, city of Hebron, city of Zior; nine cities and towns plus their villages.

55city of Maon, town of Carmel, city of Ziph, town of Juttah, 56city of Jezreel, city of Jokdeam, city of Zanoah, 57city of Cain, city of Gibeah, city of Timnah including the ten towns and their villages. 58city of Halhul, city of Beth-zur, town of Gedor, 59city of Maarath, town of Beth-anoth, village of Eltekon; six cities and towns plus their villages.

60The city of Kirjath-jearim, city of Rabbah; two cities and towns plus their villages.

61In the wilderness, city of Beth-arabah, town of Middin, city of Secacah, 62town of Nibshan, the city of Salt, village of En-gedi; six cities and towns plus their villages.

63But as for the Jebusites, the sons of Judah living in Jerusalem, could not drive them out. And to this day the Jebusites live with the sons of Judah in Jerusalem.

Joshua: chapter 16

1Land inheritance of the two sons of Joseph, known as the two half-tribes, (Manasseh and Ephraim), was from the Jordan river east of the waters of Jericho, through the wilderness up to Mount Bethel. 2Going to the city of Luz, along the borders of Archites, to Ataroth; 3Westward to the border of Japhletites, following the lower border of the town of Beth-horon to the city of Gezer, ending at the sea.

4The sons of Joseph, the two half-tribes: (Manasseh and Ephraim), took their inheritance. 5The land inheritance of the tribe of Ephraim was: The east border from Ataroth-addar to Upper Beth-horon. 6Going towards the sea to the landmark of Michmethah on the north side, eastward to the city of Taanath-shiloh and on to the town of Janohah. 7Down to Ataroth and on to the city of Naarath, coming again into Jericho, to the Jordan river. 8Going west from the city of Tappuah to the river Kanah, ending at the sea.

9The cities and the villages that the sons of Ephraim took included the inheritance of the sons of Manasseh, (NOTE: for part of the half-tribe of Manasseh took their inheritance on the west side of the Jordan river). 10However they did not drive out the Canaanites, who lived in Gezer. So the Canaanites live among the Ephraimites as servants.

Joshua: chapter 17
Land inheritance for the half-tribe of Manasseh, west of the Jordan

1The land inheritance given to the half-tribe of Manasseh, the firstborn son of Joseph. Inherited by Machir, the firstborn of Manasseh and he became the father of the city of Gilead and his land was the plain of Bashan, because he was a man of war. 2The inheritance to the rest of the sons of Manasseh given by households, to the sons of Abiezer, Helek, Asriel, Shechem, Hepher and of Shemida. 3However, Zelophehad of the family of Hepher of the tribe of Manasseh, had no sons, but had five daughters and their names were: Mahlah, Noah, Hoglah, Milcah and Tirzah. 4And the daughters reminded Eleazar the priest, Joshua and the rulers, that the LORD had commanded Moses to give the daughters an inheritance along with their brothers.

5Ten portions to Manasseh, besides the land of Gilead and Bashan, that was on the west side of the Jordan river. 6Since the daughters of Manasseh had an inheritance along with his sons, the rest of Manasseh's sons took the land of Gilead. 7The border was from the city of Asher to the landmark of Michmethah before Shechem, up to the boundaries of the city of En-tappuah. 8The tribe of Manasseh had the rights to the land of Tappuah, but the border of Tappuah was next to the land of the sons of Ephraim. 9The border then went southward to the river Kanah. And these cities occupied by Ephraim belonged to Manasseh. For the border of Manasseh was on the north of the river, ending at the sea. 10To the south the land was Ephraim's and to the north the land was Manasseh's, with the sea as it western border. The two lands came together with the tribe of Asher on the north and the tribe of Issachar on the east. 11Within the lands of the tribes of Issachar and Asher, Manasseh also had inheritance rights, to the cities of Beth-shean, Ibleam, Dor, Endor, Taanach, Megiddo. 12For the sons of Manasseh were not able to occupy these cities, because the Canaanites dwelt in the land. 13Some time later, when the sons of Israel had become strong, they forced the Canaanites to be their servants. But, they did not completely drive them out of the land.

14The sons of Joseph then spoke to Joshua asking for more land. Questioning why he had only given them one portion of land to inherit? Saying; We are a great people, because the LORD has blessed us until now? 15And Joshua replied; If you are a great people and you feel the land of Ephraim is too confined for you. Go up to the forest and take land there for yourself, among the land of the Perizzites and the giants. 16But the sons of Joseph answered; There is not enough land for us in the hills and also the Canaanites, who live in the valley below have chariots of iron, as do the people in the city of Beth-shean and they in the valley of Jezreel. 17Joshua then said to the tribes of Ephraim and Manasseh; You are a great people with great power. You shall have more land. 18The mountain shall be yours, for it is a forest and you shall cut it down. Also the outer limits of it shall be yours, you shall also drive out the Canaanites, even though they have iron chariots and though they are strong.

Joshua: chapter 18

1Then the entire congregation of Israel gathered together at Shiloh and set up the Tabernacle of the Congregation, for the land was under their control. 2And there were still seven tribes among the sons of Israel, which had not yet received their inheritance. 3So Joshua spoke up and said; How long will you fail to go and possess the land that the LORD God of your fathers has given you? 4Select three men from each tribe to map out the land, according to their inheritance. 5We will then divide the land into seven parts. Judah shall stay within their set borders on the south and the two tribes of Joseph shall stay within their set borders on the north. 6Map the land into seven parts and bring it to me and I will divide it up for you according to tribes by casting lots before the LORD our God. 7However the Levites among you do not have a land inheritance. For the priesthood of the LORD is their inheritance. Also, the tribes of Gad and Reuben and part of the half-tribe of Manasseh have received their inheritance east of the Jordan, which Moses the servant of the LORD gave them.

8Men from each tribe then went out to map the land and Joshua said to them; Go out and walk through the land mapping it as you go. Then come to me and I will cast lots before the LORD and divide up the land for you. 9So the men mapped the land by cities, divided into seven parts within a book, then they came to Joshua, back at Shiloh. 10Joshua then cast lots before the LORD and he divided up the land according to their own divisions.

Land inheritance for the tribe of Benjamin.

11The first land inheritance was given to the tribe of Benjamin, according to their families. Their border was between the sons of Judah and the sons of Joseph. 12Their border on the north was from the Jordan river up to the side of Jericho on the north, through the mountains westward, to the wilderness of Beth-aven. 13Turning there toward the city of Luz, continuing southward to the city of Bethel. Going down to the town of Ataroth-adar, near the hill on the south of Lower Beth-horon. 14Following the corner of the sea southward, around the hill that is in front of the town of Beth-horon. Up to the boundary at Kirjath-jearim, which is a city of the sons of Judah. This was the west border.
15The south border was from the end of Kirjath-jearim, westward to the spring of waters of Nephtoah. 16Northward to the end of the mountain that is before the valley of the sons of Hinnom, which is the Valley of the Giants, down the valley of Hinnom to the Jebusites on the south, down to the well of En-rogel. 17From there it curved north and passed by the spring of En-shemesh, toward the landmark of Geliloth, which is across from the ascent of Adummim, going down to the stone landmark of Bohan of the sons of Reuben. 18Northward toward the desert of Arabah. 19Going northward along the side of the city of Beth-hoglah, to the northern bay of the Salt Sea, ending at the Jordan river. This was the south border.
20The border on the east side was the Jordan river. This was the inheritance of the sons of Benjamin, according to their families.

21The cities of the tribe of Benjamin according to their families were: Jericho, Beth-hoglah and the valley of Keziz, 22Beth-arabah, Zemaraim, Bethel, 23Avvim, Parah, Ophrah, 24Chephar-haam-monai, Ophni, Gaba; twelve cities and towns plus their villages.

25Gibeon, Ramah, Beeroth, 26Mizpeh, Chephirah, Mozah, 27Rekem, Irpeel, Taralah, 28Zelah, Eleph, Jerusalem, Gibeath, Kirjath; fourteen cities and towns plus their villages. This is the inheritance of the sons of Benjamin according to their families.

Joshua: chapter 19
Land inheritance for the tribe of Simeon.

1The second land inheritance was given to the tribe of Simeon, according to their families. And was within the inheritance of the sons of Judah. 2The city of Beer-sheba, the city of Moladah, 3the town of Hazar-shual, the town of Balah, the village of Azem, 4the town of Eltolad, the city of Bethul, the city of Hormah, 5the city of Ziklag, the town of Beth-marcaboth, the village of Hazar-susah, 6the town of Beth-lebaoth, the city of Sharuhen; thirteen cities and their villages. 7the city of Ain, the town of Remmon, the village of Ether, the city Ashan, four cities and their villages, 8All the villages that were surrounding the cities of Baalath-beer to Ramah on the south. 9The inheritance of the sons of Simeon was out of the portion of the sons of Judah, for the land given to Judah was too much for them.

Land inheritance for the tribe of Zebulun.
10The third land inheritance was given to the tribe of Zebulun, according to their families. Their border was as far as the landmark of Sarid. 11Toward the sea, to Maralah, reaching to the town of Dabbasheth and the river that is before the city of Jokneam. 12Turning at the landmark of Sarid eastward to the border of Mount Tabor, going to the city of Daberath and up to the town of Japhia. 13Heading east to the town of Gittah-hepher, to the town of Ittah-kazin, to the town of Rimmon-methoar, ending at the town of Neah. 14The north border was encompassing the town of Hannathon, along the outskirts of the valley of Jiphthahel. 15The city of Kattath, the city of Nahallal, the city of Shimron, the town of Idalah and the city of Bethlehem, twelve cities and towns plus their villages. 16These cities and villages were the inheritance of the sons of Zebulun.
Land inheritance for the tribe of Issachar.

17The forth land inheritance was given to the tribe of Issachar, according to their families. 18Their border was from the city of Jezreel, the town of Chesulloth, the city of Shunem, 19the town of Hapharaim, the city of Shihon, the town of Anaharath, 20the town of Rabbith, the city of Kishion, the town of Abez, 21the town of Remeth, the city of En-gannim, the city of En-haddah and the town of Beth-pazzez. 22Reaching to Mount Tabor, the town of Shahazimah, the city of Beth-shemesh, ending at the Jordan river, sixteen cities and towns plus their villages. 23These cities and villages were the inheritance of the tribe of Issachar.

Land inheritance for the tribe of Asher.

24The fifth land inheritance was given to the tribe of Asher, according to their families. 25Their border was from the town of Helkath, the town of Hali, the village of Beten, the city of Achshaph, 26the town of Alammelech, the town of Amad, the city of Misheal, reaching west to the town of Carmel and to the brook of Shihor-libnath. 27Turning to the east to the town of Beth-dagon, reaching to the fertile plains of Zebulun, to the valley of Jiphthah-el, north to the town of Beth-emek, the city of Neiel, going around the town of Cabul on the left. 28the city of Hebron, the city of Rehob, the village of Hammon, the city of Kanah, to the great city of Sidon. 29Turning to the city of Ramah and the strong city of Tyre. Turning then to the village of Hosah, going out to the sea, following the border line of the town of Achzib, 30the city of Ummah, the city of Aphek and the city of Rehob, twenty-two cities and towns plus their villages. 31These cities, towns and villages were the inheritance of Asher.

Land inheritance for the tribe of Naphtali.

32The sixth land inheritance was given to the tribe of Naphtali, according to their families. 33Their border was from the town of Heleph, from the oak tree in the city of Zaanannim, to Adami, Nekeb, Jabneel, to the city of Lakum, with its border going out to the Jordan river. 34Turning west toward the peak of Mount Tabor, going to the town of Hukkok, reaching to the territory of the tribe of Zebulun on the south, the tribe of Asher on the west and to the tribe of Judah going towards the east to the Jordan river. 35The fortified cities are Ziddim, Zer, Hammath, Rakkath, Chinnereth, 36Adamah, Ramah, Hazor, 37Kedesh, Edrei, En-hazor, 38Iron, Migdalel, Horem, Beth-anath, Beth-shemesh; nineteen cities and their villages. 39These cities and villages were the inheritance for the tribe of Naphtali.

Land inheritance for the tribe of Dan.

40The seventh land inheritance was given to the tribe of Dan, according to their families. 41Their border included the city of Zorah, the town of Eshtaol, the city of Ir-shemesh, 42the city of Shaalabbin, the city of Ajalon, the village of Jethlah, 43the town of Elon, the city of Timnah, the city of Ekron, 44the town of Eltekeh, the village of Gibbethon, the town of Baalath, 45the town of Jehud, the city of Beneberak, the city of Gath-rimmon, 46the town of Mejarkon, the town of Rakkon, with the border ending before Jappa. 47Now the cities and territories of the sons of Dan was not enough for them. So they fought against the people of Leshem, took that territory and dwelt there. Changing the name of the territory from Leshem to Dan, after the name of their father Dan. 48These cities and villages were the inheritance of the tribe of Dan.

Land inheritance of Joshua, given to him by the sons of Israel.

49When they finished dividing up the land, the sons of Israel gave an inheritance to Joshua. 50According to the command of the LORD they gave him the city which he asked for, Timnath-serah in mount Ephraim. Where Joshua built a city and then dwelt there. 51This is the inheritances that Eleazar the priest, Joshua and the leaders of the tribes divided as an inheritance, by lot before the LORD, at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation.

Joshua: chapter 20

1The LORD then spoke to Joshua, saying; 2Tell the sons of Israel to set up cities of refuge, that I spoke to you of, by the hand of Moses. 3A city where a manslayer who unintentionally kills another man, can flee to and take refuge from his avenger. 4He can flee to one of these cities, explain his case to the city officials and they shall bring him into the city, giving him a place to live with them. 5And if his avenger should pursue him, the city officials shall not deliver the manslayer into his hand, for he did not intend to kill the man, nor did he hate the man in the past. 6He shall live in that city until he stands before the people for judgment and until the death of the current high priest. Afterwards the manslayer can return to his original city and home.

Six cities of refuge set apart, 3 east of the Jordan and 3 west of the Jordan river.

7So they set apart the city of Kadesh in Galilee, the city of Shechem in the hills of Ephraim and the city of Hebron in the hills of Judah, west of the Jordan. 8Beyond the Jordan, east of Jericho, they gave the city of Bezer in the wilderness, from the tribe of Reuben, the city of Ramoth in Gilead from the tribe of Gad and the city of Golan in Bashan from the tribe of Manasseh. 9These were the six appointed cities of refuge for the sons of Israel and for the alien who was living among them. That the man who unintentionally killed anyone could flee there free from death until he stood before the congregation.

Joshua: chapter 21
The cities and open lands given to the Levites.

1The heads of the Levites came to Eleazar the priest, Joshua and to the heads of the tribes of Israel. 2Saying to them; By the hand of Moses, the LORD commanded that you should give cities to us to live in and open lands for our cattle.

3So upon the command of the LORD, the sons of Israel gave from their inheritance to the Levites the following cities and open lands: 4By casting lots, the tribe of Judah, the tribe of Simeon and the tribe of Benjamin, gave the descendants of Aaron of the Kohath family, thirteen cities. 5By lot, the tribe of Ephraim, the tribe of Dan and the half-tribe of Manasseh, gave to the rest of the sons of Kohath, ten cities. 6The tribe of Issachar, the tribe of Asher, the tribe of Naphtali and the half-tribe of Manasseh, that was beyond the Jordan, gave to the family of Gershon, thirteen cities. 7The tribe of Reuben, the tribe of Gad and the tribe of Zebulun, gave the family of Merari, twelve cities. 8Thus the sons of Israel gave these cities and towns with their open lands to the Levites, as the LORD had commanded them to do by the hand of Moses.

9From the tribes of Judah and Simeon, the following cities were given. 10To the descendants of Aaron, for theirs was the first lot. 11The city of Hebron with its open lands in the hills of Judah. 12But the fields of the city and its villages they gave to Caleb. 13However, the city of Hebron and its open lands, they gave to the Levites as a city of refuge and the territory of Libnah and its open lands, 14the town of Jattir and its open lands, the town of Eshtemoa and its open lands, 15the town of Holon and its open lands, the town of Debir and its open lands, 16the city of Ain and its open lands, the town of Juttah and its open lands and the city of Beth-shemesh and its open lands; 9 cities or towns from these two tribes. 17From the tribe of Benjamin, the following cities were given. the city of Gibeon and its open lands, the city of Geba and its open lands, 18the city of Anathoth and its open lands, the town of Almon and its open lands, 4 cities and towns and their open lands. 19all the cities and towns given to the descendants of Aaron the priest were 13.

20From the tribe of Ephraim, the following cities and towns were given to the remaining sons of the family of Kohath. 21The city of Shechem and its open lands as a city of refuge and the city of Gezer and its open lands, 22the city of Kibzaim and its open lands, the town of Beth-horon and its open lands, 4 cities or towns.

23From the tribe of Dan, the following cities were given. the town of Eltekeh and open lands, the village of Gibbethon and its open lands, 24The city of Aijalon and its open lands, the city of Gath-rimmon and its open lands, 4 cities or towns.

25From the half-tribe of Manasseh, the city of Tanach and its open lands and the city of Gath-rimmon and its open lands, 2 cities. 26All the cities and towns and open land given to the remaining sons of Kohath were 10.

27From the half tribe of Manasseh, that was beyond the Jordan, the following cities were given. To the family of Gershon, the city of Golan and its open lands as a city of refuge and the city of Beesh-terah and its open lands, 2 cities.

28From the tribe of Issachar, the following cities were given. Kishon and its open lands, the city of Daberath and its open lands, 29The city of Jarmuth and its open lands, the city of En-gannim and its open lands, 4 cities.

30From the tribe of Asher, the following cities were given. The city of Mishal and its open lands, the city of Abdon and its open lands, 31the town of Helkath and its open lands and the city of Rehob and its open lands, 4 cities and towns.

32From the tribe of Naphtali, the following cities were given. The city of Kedesh in Galilee and its open lands as a city of refuge, the city of Hammoth-dor and its open lands and the city of Kartah and its open lands, 3 cities. 33All the cities and towns and with their open land given to the Gershonites were 13.

34From the tribe of Zebulun, the following cities and towns were given to the family of Merari, The city of Jokneam and its open lands, the city of Kartah and its open lands, 35the town of Dimnah and its open lands, the city of Nahalal and its open lands, 4 cities and towns.

36From the tribe of Reuben, the following cities were given. The city of Bezer and its open lands, the city of Jahazah and its open lands, 37the city of Kedemoth and its open lands and the city of Mephaath and its open lands, 4 cities and towns.

38From the tribe of Gad, the following cities were given. The city of Ramoth in Gilead and its open lands as a city of refuge, the town of Mahanaim and its open lands, 39The city of Heshbon and its open lands, the city of Jazer and its open lands, 4 cities and towns. 40All the cities and towns and open lands given to the family of Merari were 12.

41All the cities and towns and open lands that were given to the Levites 48. 42Each city or town had lands around them. 43Thus the LORD gave all the land to Israel that He promised to give to their father's and they possessed it and dwelt in it. 44The LORD then gave them rest, according to all that He swore to their fathers. Not one man stood against them, for the LORD delivered all their enemies into their hands. 45Not one word or any good thing that the LORD had spoken failed to come to pass for the house of Israel.

Joshua: chapter 22

1Joshua then called the tribes that took their inheritance of the land before crossing over the Jordan river, (the Reubenites, the Gadites and the men within the half-tribe of Manasseh). 2And said to them; You have done all that Moses, the servant of the LORD had commanded of you. Obeying my voice and doing all that the LORD commanded of you. 3All these days you have not left your brothers and you have kept the command of the LORD. 4The LORD has now given rest to your brothers, go now to your own homes and the land of your possession beyond the Jordan river, that Moses the servant of the LORD gave you. 5But diligently harken to the commands and the Law of the LORD. To love the LORD your God, walking in all His ways, keeping His commandments, to cleave to Him and serve Him with all your heart and soul.

6-7As Joshua sent the three tribes away, back to their lands, he blessed them. 8Saying to them; You are returning with great treasures, much cattle, silver and gold, bronze and iron and much clothing. Divide up the spoil among your brothers. 9The three tribes then left the land of Canaan, to return to their land of Gilead.

10When the three tribes had come to the Jordan river in the land of Canaan, they built an impressive altar there. 11As it became known to the other Israelites living in Canaan, that the three tribes had built an altar at the passage of the sons of Israel. 12The entire congregation of the sons of Israel gathered themselves at Shiloh to go and war against their brethren.

NOTE: (Even though the altar was constructed in good faith, Deuteronomy 12:5, says; that you are to seek the Lord as to where to build an altar).

13But first the other tribes in Canaan, sent Phinehas the son of Eleazar the priest to the three tribes in the land of Gilead. 14And with him was ten rulers, a ruler and representative from each of the tribes of Israel. 15They came to the three tribes in their homeland of Gilead and spoke to them saying; 16Our entire congregation of the LORD wants to know, why you have committed this trespass against the God of Israel. Turning and rebelling against the LORD, by building an altar? 17Was the wickedness of Peor, not enough for you? The plague of that effected the whole congregation of the LORD and we have not been made clean of that until today. 18Why do you turn from following the LORD, don't you know that, if you rebel against the LORD, He will be angry with the whole congregation of Israel? 19If you believe your land before the Jordan to be unclean, come over to the land of Canaan, the promise land where the LORD's Tabernacle dwells and take your possession with us. But, do not rebel against the LORD or us, by building an altar for yourselves apart from the Tabernacle of our God. 20For Achan the son of Zerah committed a sin keeping the accursed things and wrath come upon the entire congregation of Israel. Nor did that man perish alone in his iniquity.

21To this the three tribes answered, saying; 22The LORD God of Israel knows if we are in rebellion against Him and if it is so, you do not need to bother saving us. 23Whether we have built an altar in rebellion against the LORD. Or, if we have built an altar to offer offerings on it, let the LORD Himself decide this. 24We have also done this for our sons, so that in time to come your sons will not say to our sons; What have you to do with the LORD God of Israel? 25For the LORD has separated us by the Jordan river, we did this, so we will not stop fearing the LORD. 26For we did not build this altar for burnt offering or sacrifice, 27But as a witness between us and our generations after us, so that we might keep the service of the LORD, with our burnt offerings, sacrifices and peace offerings. 28That we might say to our children's generations; See the pattern of the altar of the LORD that our fathers made as a witness between us. 29Far be it from us that we should rebel against the LORD, by building an altar for burnt offerings and sacrifices, apart from the altar of the LORD our God that is before His Tabernacle!

30When Phinehas the priest, the rulers and heads of the tribes of Israel, heard these words, it seemed good to them. 31Then Phinehas the priest said to the three tribes; Today we see that the LORD is among you, for you have not committed this sin against the LORD. 32Phinehas and the rulers then left the land of Gilead and returned to the land of Canaan. 33The words spoken pleased the sons of Israel, as they praised God and no more was said about going up against them in battle. 34And the sons of Reuben and Gad regarded the altar as a witness that the LORD is God among both of us.

Joshua: chapter 23

1Many days after the LORD had given rest to Israel from their enemies, Joshua now an old man, began to feel his age. 2So Joshua spoke to the elders, leaders, judges and officers and said; I am old now and advanced in years. 3You have seen how the LORD your God has fought for you and what He has done to all the nations for your sake. 4I have divided the nations that are left, from the Jordan river westward to the great sea to be a further inheritance for your tribes. 5The LORD your God shall drive them out from before you and you will possess their lands, just as He has promised to you. 6Remain very courageous to keep and do all that is written in the book of the Law of Moses, do not modify it, making it more strict or more lenient. 7So that you do not mix with the other nations that remain among you, do not even mention the name of their gods, or swear by them, or serve them, or bow down to them. 8But cleave to the LORD your God, as you have done to this day. 9For He has driven out great and mighty nations and no one has been able to stand before you to this day. 10One man shall chase a thousand. For the LORD your God fights for you, as He has promised. 11Now guard your hearts that you love the LORD your God. 12For if you turn back, in any way, holding on to the customs of the strangers among you, inter-marrying with them. 13Know for certain that the LORD your God will not drive out the nations for you. But, they shall be a snare to you and thorns in your sides, until you perish from this good land that the LORD your God has given you.

14This day, I am nearing my death. And you know yourselves that not one thing the LORD has spoken concerning you has failed, but everything has come to pass. 15So shall it be that just as every good thing which the LORD your God has spoken to you comes to you. Every evil thing that He has spoken of shall also come upon you until He has destroyed you from the land that He has given you. 16When you do transgress the covenant of the LORD your God, having left to serve other gods, His anger shall be kindled against you and you will perish quickly from off the land that He has given to you.

Joshua: chapter 24
The Death of Joshua

1Joshua then gathered all the tribes of Israel to Shechem and called for the elders, the heads, the judges and the officers of Israel. 2And said to all the people; So says the LORD God of Israel; Hear this of your fathers in times past, Terah the father of Abraham and his son Nahor served other gods. 3I led your father Abraham from beyond the Euphrates River, throughout the land of Canaan, multiplying his seed and I gave him Isaac. 4I gave Isaac's twin sons of Jacob and Esau. Even giving Esau Mount Seir for his own, as Jacob and his sons went down to Egypt. 5After many years, I then sent Moses and Aaron to Egypt and I plagued Egypt and brought your fathers out of Egypt. 6They then came to the Red Sea, with the Egyptians right behind them with their chariots and horsemen. 7As they cried out to the LORD, I put darkness between them and the Egyptians, then drowning the Egyptians in the sea. Even though the Israelites saw all of what I did in Egypt, they lived in the wilderness for forty years. 8When I had brought them into the land of the Amorites and war broke out. I destroyed the Amorites, so that they might possess the land. 9Then Balak the king of Moab, called Balaam the son of Beor to curse Israel. 10But I would not agree with Balaam, thus he actually blessed you. For I delivered them from his hand. 11Then you crossed over the Jordan river and came to Jericho. And the men of Jericho fought against you, the Amorites, the Perizzites, the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Girgashites, the Hivites and the Jebusites and I delivered all of them into your hands. 12For I sent the terror of you before them and drove them all out. As I drove out the two kings of the Amorites, you did not have to do a thing. 13I've given you this land that you did not labor for, cities that you did not build that you now dwell in. Vineyards and olive yards that you eat off, yet did not plant. 14Therefore, fear the LORD and truly serve Him. Put away the gods that your fathers served in Egypt and in past times.

15Therefore, choose this day whom you will serve! If it seems wrong to you to serve the LORD, or if you wish to serve the gods which your father's served, or the gods of the foreigners in whose land you live. But as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD.

16And the people said; Far be it from us to forsake the LORD to serve other gods. 17For the LORD our God brought us and our father's up out of bondage from the land of Egypt, performing great wonders in our sight. Keeping us in all our ways and safe from the people we encountered. 18The LORD drove out all the people from before us, even the Amorites, who lived in the land. Yes, we will also serve the LORD, for He is our God.

19Joshua replied; You are not able to serve the LORD, for He is a holy God and a jealous God. He will not forgive your transgressions. 20When you forsake Him and serve strange gods, He will then turn and do you harm, destroying you after all the good He has done for you.

21But the people replied to Joshua; No! We will serve the LORD. 22And Joshua said; You are witnesses against yourselves that you have chosen to serve the LORD. And they answered; We are witnesses.

23Therefore now put away the strange gods among you and give your heart to the LORD God of Israel. 24And the people said to Joshua; We will serve the LORD our God and His voice we will obey. 25So that day in Shechem, Joshua made a covenant with the people, making it official complete with statutes and an ordinance. 26Joshua wrote all these words in the book of the Law of God, then he took a large stone and placed it there under an oak by the sanctuary of the LORD. 27Joshua then said to all the people, this stone that you see, shall be a witness to us, lest you deny your God. 28Joshua then sent the people away, each man to his own inheritance.

29After these things, Joshua, the son of Nun, the servant of the LORD died, at age one hundred ten years old. 30And the people buried him in the border of his inheritance in Timnath-serah in Mount Ephraim, on the north side of the hill of Gaash.

31Now Israel had served the LORD during the lifetime of Joshua and continued serving the LORD throughout the days of the elders who outlived Joshua, who had known of the works the LORD had done for Israel.

32The bones of Joseph, that had been brought up out of Egypt, were also buried in Shechem, in a piece of ground which Jacob bought from Hamor, the father of Shechem for one hundred pieces of silver. And it later became the inheritance of the sons of Joseph.

33Eleazar the son of Aaron also died. And they buried him in a hill belonging to Phinehas his son, which was given him in Mount Ephraim.